Коншина Анастасия Геннадьевна

Избранные публикации

  1. Konshina A.G., Krylov N.A., Efremov R.G. (2017). Cardiotoxins: Functional Role of Local Conformational Changes. Journal of chemical information and modeling 57 (11), 2799–2810 [+]

    Локальная конформационная подвижность жестко структурированных и стабильных молекул цитотоксинов (ЦТ) оказывает влияние на их мембрано-активные свойства. На основании данных молекулярной динамики (МД) трех ЦТ (ЦТ 1, 2 из Naja oxiana и ЦТ А3 из Naja atra) в воде и анализа распределений значений двугранных углов аминокислотных остатков основной цепи выявили общие для исследуемых белков конформационные состояния, характеризующиеся высокоамплитудными изменениями двугранных углов φ и ψ в паре остатков (K5/L6). Указанные локальные конформационные изменения ЦТ являются специфическими «горячими точками», меняющими организацию функционально-активного гидрофобного паттерна (т.н. «гидрофобной подошвы») этих белков. Именно этот мотив отвечает за связывание ЦТ с клеточными мембранами. В ходе МД «подошва» может обратимо разделяться на два участка меньших размеров (Рисунок). Таким образом молекулы ЦТ осуществляют «тонкую подстройку» своей пространственной структуры при связывании с поверхностью клеточной мембраны в зависимости от размеров гидрофобных/гидрофильных кластеров на поверхности липидного бислоя.

  2. Dubovskii P.V., Dubinnyi M.A., Volynsky P.E., Pustovalova Y.E., Konshina A.G., Utkin Y.N., Arseniev A.S., Efremov R.G. (2017). Impact of membrane partitioning on the spatial structure of an S-type cobra cytotoxin. J. Biomol. Struct. Dyn. , 1–16 [+]

    Cobra cytotoxins (CTs) belong to the three-fingered protein family. They are classified into S- and P-types, the latter exhibiting higher membrane-perturbing capacity. In this work, we investigated the interaction of CTs with phospholipid bilayers, using coarse-grained (CG) and full-atom (FA) molecular dynamics (MD). The object of this work is a CT of an S-type, cytotoxin I (CT1) from N.oxiana venom. Its spatial structure in aqueous solution and in the micelles of dodecylphosphocholine (DPC) were determined by (1)H-NMR spectroscopy. Then, via CG- and FA MD-computations, we evaluated partitioning of CT1 molecule into palmitoyloleoylphosphatidylcholine (POPC) membrane, using the toxin spatial models, obtained either in aqueous solution, or detergent micelle. The latter model exhibits minimal structural changes upon partitioning into the membrane, while the former deviates from the starting conformation, loosing the tightly bound water molecule in the loop-2. These data show that the structural changes elicited by CT1 molecule upon incorporation into DPC micelle take place likely in the lipid membrane, although the mode of the interaction of this toxin with DPC micelle (with the tips of the all three loops) is different from its mode in POPC membrane (primarily with the tip of the loop-1 and both the tips of the loop-1 and loop-2).

  3. Dubovskii P.V., Dubinnyi M.A., Konshina A.G., Kazakova E.D., Sorokoumova G.M., Ilyasova T.M., Shulepko M.A., Chertkova R.V., Lyukmanova E.N., Dolgikh D.A., Arseniev A.S., Efremov R.G. (2017). Structural and Dynamic "Portraits" of Recombinant and Native Cytotoxin I from Naja oxiana: How Close Are They? Biochemistry 56 (34), 4468–4477 [+]

    Today, recombinant proteins are quite widely used in biomedical and biotechnological applications. At the same time, the question about their full equivalence to the native analogues remains unanswered. To gain additional insight into this problem, intimate atomistic details of a relatively simple protein, small and structurally rigid recombinant cardiotoxin I (CTI) from cobra Naja oxiana venom, were characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations in water. Compared to the natural protein, it contains an additional Met residue at the N-terminus. In this work, the NMR-derived spatial structure of uniformly (13)C- and (15)N-labeled CTI and its dynamic behavior were investigated and subjected to comparative analysis with the corresponding data for the native toxin. The differences were found in dihedral angles of only a single residue, adjacent to the N-terminal methionine. Microsecond-long MD traces of the toxins reveal an increased flexibility in the residues spatially close to the N-Met. As the detected structural and dynamic changes of the two CTI models do not result in substantial differences in their cytotoxicities, we assume that the recombinant protein can be used for many purposes as a reasonable surrogate of the native one. In addition, we discuss general features of the spatial organization of cytotoxins, implied by the results of the current combined NMR and MD study.

  4. Dubovskii P.V., Konshina A.G., Efremov R.G. (2014). Cobra Cardiotoxins: Membrane Interactions and Pharmacological Potential. Curr. Med. Chem. 21 (3), 270–287 [+]

    Natural polycationic membrane-active peptides typically lack disulfide bonds and exhibit fusion, cell-penetrating, antimicrobial activities. They are mostly unordered in solution, but adopt a helical structure, when bound to phospholipid membranes. Structurally different are cardiotoxins (or cytotoxins, СTs) from cobra venom. They are fully -structured molecules, characterized by the three-finger fold (TFF). Affinity of CTs to lipid bilayer was shown to depend on amino acid sequence in the tips of the three loops. In the present review, CT-membrane interactions are analyzed through the prism of data on binding of the toxins to phospholipid liposomes and detergent micelles, as well as their structural and computational studies in membrane mimicking environments. We assess different hydrophobicity scales to compare membrane partitioning of various CTs and their membrane effects. A comparison of hydrophobic/hydrophilic properties of CTs and linear polycationic peptides provides a key to their biological activity and creates a fundamental basis for rational design of new membrane-interacting compounds, including new promising drugs. For instance, since the viewpoint of the data obtained on model lipid membranes, cytotoxic activity of CTs against cancer cells is discussed.

  5. Konshina A.G., Dubovskii P.V., Efremov R.G. (2012). Structure and dynamics of cardiotoxins. Curr. Protein Pept. Sci. 13 (6), 570–84 [+]

    Cytotoxins (or cardiotoxins; CTs) are toxins from cobra venom characterized by the three-finger (TF) fold. CTs are on average 60-residue-long peptides, possessing as many as 4 disulfide bonds. The elements of antiparallel β-structure take origin from the hydrophobic core formed by the disulfides. The β-strands adopt the shape of the three loops, giving the name of the fold. While neurotoxins (NTs) - also TF proteins from snake venom - exert their effect through specific interactions with protein receptors, no specific protein target has been found for CTs. Unlike NTs, CTs are amphiphilic and cytotoxic against a variety of cells, including cancer ones. Thus, the hypothesis that the activity of CTs is caused by their interactions with lipid membranes is currently central. To understand molecular basis behind variations in toxicities of CTs highly homologous in their sequences, detailed knowledge of their structure and dynamics is required. The present review summarizes experimental and computational data on the spatial organization of CTs and their dynamics in various environments (aqueous solution, membranous milieus).

  6. Konshina A.G., Boldyrev I.A., Utkin Y.N., Omelkov A.V., Efremov R.G. (2011). Snake cytotoxins bind to membranes via interactions with phosphatidylserine head groups of lipids. PLoS ONE 6 (4), e19064 [+]

    The major representatives of Elapidae snake venom, cytotoxins (CTs), share similar three-fingered fold and exert diverse range of biological activities against various cell types. CT-induced cell death starts from the membrane recognition process, whose molecular details remain unclear. It is known, however, that the presence of anionic lipids in cell membranes is one of the important factors determining CT-membrane binding. In this work, we therefore investigated specific interactions between one of the most abundant of such lipids, phosphatidylserine (PS), and CT 4 of Naja kaouthia using a combined, experimental and modeling, approach. It was shown that incorporation of PS into zwitterionic liposomes greatly increased the membrane-damaging activity of CT 4 measured by the release of the liposome-entrapped calcein fluorescent dye. The CT-induced leakage rate depends on the PS concentration with a maximum at approximately 20% PS. Interestingly, the effects observed for PS were much more pronounced than those measured for another anionic lipid, sulfatide. To delineate the potential PS binding sites on CT 4 and estimate their relative affinities, a series of computer simulations was performed for the systems containing the head group of PS and different spatial models of CT 4 in aqueous solution and in an implicit membrane. This was done using an original hybrid computational protocol implementing docking, Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations. As a result, at least three putative PS-binding sites with different affinities to PS molecule were delineated. Being located in different parts of the CT molecule, these anion-binding sites can potentially facilitate and modulate the multi-step process of the toxin insertion into lipid bilayers. This feature together with the diverse binding affinities of the sites to a wide variety of anionic targets on the membrane surface appears to be functionally meaningful and may adjust CT action against different types of cells.