Cancer Inform, 2019, 18:1176935119838844

High-Throughput Mutation Data Now Complement Transcriptomic Profiling: Advances in Molecular Pathway Activation Analysis Approach in Cancer Biology.

We recently reviewed the current progress in the use of high-throughput molecular "omics" data for the quantitative analysis of molecular pathway activation. These quantitative metrics may be used in many ways, and we focused on their application as tumor biomarkers. Here, we provide an update of the most recent conceptual findings related to pathway analysis in tumor biology, which were not included in the previous review. The major novelties include a method enabling calculation of pathway-scale tumor mutation burden termed "Pathway Instability" and its application for scoring of anticancer target drugs. A new technique termed Shambhala emerged that enables accurate common harmonization of any number of gene expression profiles obtained using any number of experimental platforms. This may be helpful for merging various gene expression data sets and for comparing their pathway activation characteristics. Another recent bioinformatics method, termed FLOating-Window Projective Separator (FloWPS), has the potential to significantly enhance the value of pathway activation profiles as biomarkers of cancer response to treatments. It reduces the minimum required number of training samples needed to construct a machine-learning-based classifier. Finally, several documented clinical cases have been recently published, in which gene-expression-based pathway analysis was successfully used for personalized off-label prescription of target drugs to metastatic cancer patients.

Buzdin A, Sorokin M, Poddubskaya E, Borisov N

IBCH: 7798
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Кол-во цитирований на 12.2023: 13
Данные статьи проверены модераторами 2019-04-04

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