Darya V. Pyrkova

E-mail: dpyrkova@gmail.com

Selected publications

  1. Chugunov A., Pyrkova D., Nolde D., Polyansky A., Pentkovsky V., Efremov R. (2013). Lipid-II forms potential "landing terrain" for lantibiotics in simulated bacterial membrane. Sci Rep 3, 1678 [+]

    Bacterial cell wall is targeted by many antibiotics. Among them are lantibiotics, which realize their function via interaction with plasma membrane lipid-II molecule - a chemically conserved part of the cell wall synthesis pathway. To investigate structural and dynamic properties of this molecule, we have performed a series of nearly microsecond-long molecular dynamics simulations of lipid-II and some of its analogs in zwitterionic single component and charged mixed simulated phospholipid bilayers (the reference and the mimic of the bacterial plasma membrane, respectively). Extensive analysis revealed that lipid-II forms a unique "amphiphilic pattern" exclusively on the surface of the simulated bacterial membrane (and not in the reference one). We hypothesize that many lantibiotics exploit the conserved features of lipid-II along with characteristic modulation of the bacterial membrane as the "landing site". This putative recognition mechanism opens new opportunities for studies on lantibiotics action and design of novel armament against resistant bacterial strains.

  2. Чугунов А.О., Нольде Д.Е., Пыркова Д.В., Полянский А.А., Пентковский В.М., Ефремов Р.Г. (2013). На пути к новым антибиотикам. Суперкомпьютеры 12, 34–36 [+]

    Проблема резистентности бактерий к действию антибиотиков серьезна как никогда, и медицина всеми силами ищет пути к новым бактерицидным веществам, способным сохранять эффективность в течение долгих лет. Современная биофизика поможет ей в этом — наблюдение за молекулой антибиотика, которая «атакует» бактериальную клетку, подскажет ученым, как создать новые вещества, убивающие бактерий и безвредные для человеческого организма. Возможность для такого наблюдения дают суперкомпьютерные расчеты, а также современные физические модели и математические алгоритмы, предназначенные для изучения в вычислительном эксперименте структуры, динамики и функций сложнейших биологических супрамолекулярных систем. Исследователи из Института биоорганической химии РАН, используя ресурсы нового суперкомпьютера, установленного в лаборатории iScalare МФТИ, изучили на атомном уровне особенности организации мембраны бактерий, используя которые антибиотики преодолевают защитные системы клетки и оказывают антимикробное действие. Полученный результат указывает на возможность разработки нового поколения антибиотиков, избавленных от бремени резистентности.

  3. Pyrkova D.V., Tarasova N.K., Krylov N.A., Nolde D.E., Pentkovsky V.M., Efremov R.G. (2013). Dynamic clustering of lipids in hydrated two-component membranes: results of computer modeling and putative biological impact. J. Biomol. Struct. Dyn. 31 (1), 87–95 [+]

    Delineation and analysis of lateral clustering of lipids in model bilayers is an important step toward understanding of the physical processes underlying formation of lipid domains and rafts in cell membranes. Computer modeling methods represent a powerful tool to address the problem since they can detect clusters of only few lipid molecules - this issue still resists easy characterization with modern experimental techniques. In this work, we propose a computational method to detect and analyze parts of membrane with different packing densities and hydrogen bonding patterns. A series of one- and two-component fluid systems containing lipids with the same polar heads and different acyl chains, dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (18:1) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (16:0), or with same acyl chains and different polar heads, dioleoylphosphatidylserine (18:1) and dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (18:1), were studied via molecular dynamics simulations. Four criteria of clustering were considered. It was shown that the water-lipid interface of biomembranes represents a highly dynamic and "mosaic" picture, whose parameters depend on the bilayer composition. Some systems (e.g. with 20-30% of the anionic lipid) demonstrate unusual clustering properties and demand further investigation at molecular level. Lateral microheterogeneities in fluid lipid bilayers seem to be among the most important factors determining the nature of the membrane-water interface in a cell.