White Xenopus

Biologists from the Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IBCh RAS), together with colleagues from the Protein Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the A.N. Belozersky Research Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology MSU, have studied the Noggin4 protein, which is a protein that plays a crucial role in the formation of the Xenopus toad heads (Xenopus laevis). The results of the research will help expand our understanding of the triggering preprocess for embryogenesis, and may possibly be instrumental in the discovery of new ways of using this protein for the regulation of biological processes involving stem cell manipulation.

News

  • Computer simulates body reaction to heat science news IX.13

    For the first time, scientists at the M.M. Shemyakin and Yu. A. Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences have successfully used computer generated simulations to study the TRPV1-Receptor temperature activation phenomenon for higher organisms. Up to this point, it was impossible to achieve such results in silico experiments due to imperfections in the computer simulation models. The results of the experiment were published in the Scientific Reports journal.

  • Russian Scientists have detected unusual behavior of the PIWIL2 gene “helpers” science news VII.15

    A team of scientists from the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry RAS have discovered new information on how the PIWIL2 human gene expresses itself. This breakthrough discovery shall help create a diagnostic marker for determining testicular germ cell tumors. The research findings suggest the interchangeability of the PIWIL2 “helpers”: the promoter of this gene is also able to act as an enhancer of the expression of another gene. The work, published in the PLoS ONE journal, helps expand the background knowledge in this field.

  • How research into glowing fungi could lead to trees lighting our streets (The Guardian) science news VII.8

    On a moonless night deep in a Brazilian rainforest the only thing you are likely to see are the tiny smears of light from flitting fireflies or the ghostly glow of mushrooms scattered around the forest floor. Both effects are the result of bioluminescence, the peculiar ability of some organisms to behave like living night-lights. (this text was pblished in The Guardian)

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