Захарова Мария Юрьевна

Кандидат биологических наук

Научный сотрудник (Лаборатория биокатализа)

Тел.: +7 (495) 429-82-69

Эл. почта: zakharova@ibch.ru

Избранные публикации

  1. Lomakin Y.A., Zakharova M.Y., Stepanov A.V., Dronina M.A., Smirnov I.V., Bobik T.V., Pyrkov A.Y., Tikunova N.V., Sharanova S.N., Boitsov V.M., Vyazmin S.Y., Kabilov M.R., Tupikin A.E., Krasnov A.N., Bykova N.A., Medvedeva Y.A., Fridman M.V., Favorov A.V., Ponomarenko N.A., Dubina M.V., Boyko A.N., Vlassov V.V., Belogurov A.A. Jr, Gabibov A.G. (2014). Heavy-light chain interrelations of MS-associated immunoglobulins probed by deep sequencing and rational variation. Mol. Immunol. , [+]

    The mechanisms triggering most of autoimmune diseases are still obscure. Autoreactive B cells play a crucial role in the development of such pathologies and, in particular, production of autoantibodies of different specificities. The combination of deep-sequencing technology with functional studies of antibodies selected from highly representative immunoglobulin combinatorial libraries may provide unique information on specific features in the repertoires of autoreactive B cells. Here, we have analyzed cross-combinations of the variable regions of human immunoglobulins against the myelin basic protein (MBP) previously selected from a multiple sclerosis (MS)-related scFv phage-display library. On the other hand, we have performed deep sequencing of the sublibraries of scFvs against MBP, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1), and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG). Bioinformatics analysis of sequencing data and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) studies have shown that it is the variable fragments of antibody heavy chains that mainly determine both the affinity of antibodies to the parent autoantigen and their cross-reactivity. It is suggested that LMP1-cross-reactive anti-myelin autoantibodies contain heavy chains encoded by certain germline gene segments, which may be a hallmark of the EBV-specific B cell subpopulation involved in MS triggering.

  2. Zakharova M.Y., Kuznetsov N.A., Dubiley S.A., Kozyr A.V., Fedorova O.S., Chudakov D.M., Knorre D.G., Shemyakin I.G., Gabibov A.G., Kolesnikov A.V. (2009). Substrate recognition of anthrax lethal factor examined by combinatorial and pre-steady-state kinetic approaches. J. Biol. Chem. 284 (27), 17902–13 [+]

    Lethal factor (LF), a zinc-dependent protease of high specificity produced by Bacillus anthracis, is the effector component of the binary toxin that causes death in anthrax. New therapeutics targeting the toxin are required to reduce systemic anthrax-related fatalities. In particular, new insights into the LF catalytic mechanism will be useful for the development of LF inhibitors. We evaluated the minimal length required for formation of bona fide LF substrates using substrate phage display. Phage-based selection yielded a substrate that is cleaved seven times more efficiently by LF than the peptide targeted in the protein kinase MKK6. Site-directed mutagenesis within the metal-binding site in the LF active center and within phage-selected substrates revealed a complex pattern of LF-substrate interactions. The elementary steps of LF-mediated proteolysis were resolved by the stopped-flow technique. Pre-steady-state kinetics of LF proteolysis followed a four-step mechanism as follows: initial substrate binding, rearrangement of the enzyme-substrate complex, a rate-limiting cleavage step, and product release. Examination of LF interactions with metal ions revealed an unexpected activation of the protease by Ca(2+) and Mn(2+). Based on the available structural and kinetic data, we propose a model for LF-substrate interaction. Resolution of the kinetic and structural parameters governing LF activity may be exploited to design new LF inhibitors.