Гаенко Галина Петровна

Кандидат биологических наук

Старший научный сотрудник (Лаборатория химии липидов)

Тел.: +7 (495) 330-66-83

Эл. почта: GPG008@mail.ru

Избранные публикации

  1. Kuznetsova N., Kandyba A., Vostrov I., Kadykov V., Gaenko G., Molotkovsky J., Vodovozova E. (2009). Liposomes loaded with lipophilic prodrugs of methotrexate and melphalan as convenient drug delivery vehicles. J. Drug. Deliv. Sci. Techn. 19, 51–59 [+]

    Liposomal formulations prepared by extrusion from natural phospholipids and 1,2-dioleoylglycerol conjugates of methotrexate and melphalan (egg phosphatidylcholine–phosphatidylinositol–prodrug, 8:1:1, by mol.) were characterized by size, composition and stability. Both prodrugs were shown to incorporate completely into unilamellar liposomes with the mean size below 100 nm and form stable dispersions containing the drug concentrations relevant for systemic injections in animals. For long-term storage, the dispersions can be  subjected to deep freezing (- 196°C) and stored at - 70°C; before usage, they should be defrosted and treated shortly in an ultrasonic bath. According to the example of methotrexate conjugate, stability of prodrug ester bond in liposomal formulation towards hydrolysis by human plasma esterases during 24-h incubation were established. Also, liposomes bearing methotrexate conjugate were shown to overcome resistance of human leukemia cells related to impaired transport of initial drug across the membrane.

  2. Vodovozova E.L., Moiseeva E.V., Grechko G.K., Gayenko G.P., Nifant'ev N.E., Bovin N.V., Molotkovsky J.G. (2000). Antitumour activity of cytotoxic liposomes equipped with selectin ligand SiaLe(X), in a mouse mammary adenocarcinoma model. Eur. J. Cancer 36 (7), 942–9 [+]

    The overexpression of lectins by malignant cells compared with normal ones can be used for the targeting of drug-loaded liposomes to tumours with the help of specific carbohydrate ligands (vectors). Recently we have shown that liposomes bearing specific lipid-anchored glycoconjugates on a polymeric matrix bind in vitro to human malignant cells more effectively and, being loaded with a lipophilic prodrug of merphalan, reveal higher cytotoxic activity compared with unvectored liposomes. In this study, carbohydrate-equipped cytotoxic liposomes were tested in vivo in a mouse breast cancer model, BLRB-Rb (8.17)1Iem strain with a high incidence of spontaneous mammary adenocarcinoma (SMA). Firstly, a cell line of the SMA was established which was then used to determine the specificity of the tumour cell lectins. After screening of the lectin specificity of a number of fluorescent carbohydrate probes, SiaLe(X) was shown to be the ligand with the most affinity, and a lipophilic vector bearing this saccharide was synthesised. Then different liposomal formulations of the synthetic merphalan lipid derivative and SiaLe(X) vector were prepared and applied in the treatment of mice with grafted adenocarcinomas. The results of the tumorigenesis data show that the therapeutic efficacy of merphalan increases sharply after its insertion as a lipophilic prodrug into the membrane of SiaLe(X)-vectored liposomes.

  3. Vodovozova E.L., Gayenko G.P., Razinkov V.I., Korchagina E.Y., Bovin N.V., Molotkovsky J.G. (1998). Saccharide-assisted delivery of cytotoxic liposomes to human malignant cells. Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int. 44 (3), 543–53 [+]

    The overexpression of lectins by malignant cells was applied for in vitro targeting of liposomes equipped with a saccharide vector and loaded in the lipid phase with a lipid derivative of anticancer agent sarcolysine. The lectin specificity of human leukemia HL-60 and human lung adenocarcinoma ACL cells was revealed by tests with fluorescein-labeled sugar probes. With the help of fluorescent lipid dye it was shown that active saccharide ligands increased the level of the vectored liposome binding to malignant cells by 50-80% as compared to liposomes without vector or with inactive one. The degree of liposome/cell membrane fusion was monitored fluorometrically and was shown to be complete and independent of the vectors. The targeted drug-loaded liposomes had the cytotoxic activity 2-4 times higher as compared to the vector-free ones.