Phase Transitions in Small Isotropic Bicelles
Isotropic phospholipid bicelles are one of the most prospective membrane mimetics for the structural studies of membrane proteins in solution. Recent works provided an almost full set of data regarding the properties of isotropic bicelles; however, one major aspect of their behavior is still under consideration: the possible mixing between the lipid and detergent in the bilayer area. This problem may be resolved by studying the lipid phase transitions in bicelle particles. In the present work, we investigate two effects: phase transitions of bilayer lipids and temperature-induced growth of isotropic bicelles using the NMR spectroscopy. We propose an approach to study the phase transitions in isotropic bicelles based on the properties of31P NMR spectra of bilayer-forming lipids. We show that phase transitions in small bicelles are "fractional", particles with the liquid-crystalline and gel bilayers coexist in solution at certain temperatures. We study the effects of lipid fatty chain type and demonstrate that the behavior of various lipids in bilayers is reproduced in the isotropic bicelles. We show that the temperature-induced growth of isotropic bicelles is not related directly to the phase transition but is the result of the reversible fusion of bicelle particles. In accordance with our data, rim detergents also have an impact on phase transitions: detergents that resist the temperature-induced growth provide the narrowest and most expressed transitions at higher temperatures. We demonstrate clearly that phase transitions take place even in the smallest bicelles that are applicable for structural studies of membrane proteins by solution NMR spectroscopy. This last finding, together with other data draws a thick line under the long-lasting argument about the relevance of small isotropic bicelles. We show with certainty that the small bicelles can reproduce the most fundamental property of lipid membranes: the ability to undergo phase transition.
Список научных проектов, где отмечена публикация
- Structural basis of molecular mechanisms of signal transduction by the type I integral membrane proteins (May 1, 2014 December 31, 2018). . Grant, RSF.