Eur J Med Chem, 2019, 171:93-103

Compounds based on 5-(perylen-3-ylethynyl)uracil scaffold: High activity against tick-borne encephalitis virus and non-specific activity against enterovirus A.

Rigid amphipathic fusion inhibitors (RAFIs) are potent antivirals based on a perylene core linked with a nucleoside moiety. Sugar-free analogues of RAFIs, 5-(perylen-3-ylethynyl)uracil-1-acetic acid 1 and its amides 2, were synthesized using combined protection group strategy. Compounds 1 and 2 appeared to have low toxicity on porcine embryo kidney (PEK) or rhabdomiosarcoma (RD) cells together with remarkable activity against enveloped tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV): EC values vary from 0.077 μM to subnanomolar range. Surprisingly, 3-pivaloyloxymethyl (Pom) protected precursors 7 and 8 showed even more pronounced activity. All the compounds showed no activity against several non-enveloped enteroviruses, except 4-hydroxybutylamides 2d,g, which inhibited the reproduction of enterovirus A71 with EC 50-100 μM, with a non-specific mode of action. The results suggest that the carbohydrate moiety of RAFI nucleosides does not play a crucial role in their antiviral action, and biological activity of the 5-(perylen-3-ylethynyl)uracil scaffold can be effectively modulated by substituents in positions 1 and 3. The high antiviral activity of these new compounds, coupled with low toxicity advocate their potential role in antiviral therapy.

Chistov AA, Orlov AA, Streshnev PP, Slesarchuk NA, Aparin IO, Rathi B, Brylev VA, Kutyakov SV, Mikhura IV, Ustinov AV, Westman G, Palyulin VA, Jain N, Osolodkin DI, Kozlovskaya LI, Korshun VA

IBCH: 7765
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Данные статьи проверены модераторами 2019-03-27