Igor' E. Kasheverov

D.Sc (Chemistry)

Director of department (Laboratory of ligand-receptor interactions)

Phone: +7 (495) 330-73-74

E-mail: iekash@mx.ibch.ru

Selected publications

  1. Kasheverov I.E., Chugunov A.O., Kudryavtsev D.S., Ivanov I.A., Zhmak M.N., Shelukhina I.V., Spirova E.N., Tabakmakher V.M., Zelepuga E.A., Efremov R.G., Tsetlin V.I. (2016). High-Affinity α-Conotoxin PnIA Analogs Designed on the Basis of the Protein Surface Topography Method. Sci Rep 6, 36848 [+]

    Despite some success for small molecules, elucidating structure-function relationships for biologically active peptides - the ligands for various targets in the organism - remains a great challenge and calls for the development of novel approaches. Some of us recently proposed the Protein Surface Topography (PST) approach, which benefits from a simplified representation of biomolecules' surface as projection maps, which enables the exposure of the structure-function dependencies. Here, we use PST to uncover the "activity pattern" in α-conotoxins - neuroactive peptides that effectively target nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). PST was applied in order to design several variants of the α-conotoxin PnIA, which were synthesized and thoroughly studied. Among the best was PnIA[R9, L10], which exhibits nanomolar affinity for the α7 nAChR, selectivity and a slow wash-out from this target. Importantly, these mutations could hardly be delineated by "standard" structure-based drug design. The proposed combination of PST with a set of experiments proved very efficient for the rational construction of new bioactive molecules.

  2. Stepanov A., Belyy A., Kasheverov I., Rybinets A., Dronina M., Dyachenko I., Murashev A., Knorre V., Sakharov D., Ponomarenko N., Tsetlin V., Tonevitsky A., Deyev S., Belogurov A., Gabibov A. (2016). Development of a recombinant immunotoxin for the immunotherapy of autoreactive lymphocytes expressing MOG-specific BCRs. Biotechnol. Lett. , [+]

    Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) is one of the major autoantigens in multiple sclerosis (MS), therefore selective depletion of autoreactive lymphocytes exposing MOG-specific B cell receptors (BCRs) would be beneficial in terms of MS treatment.

  3. Lyukmanova E.N., Shulepko M.A., Kudryavtsev D., Bychkov M.L., Kulbatskii D.S., Kasheverov I.E., Astapova M.V., Feofanov A.V., Thomsen M.S., Mikkelsen J.D., Shenkarev Z.O., Tsetlin V.I., Dolgikh D.A., Kirpichnikov M.P. (2016). Human Secreted Ly-6/uPAR Related Protein-1 (SLURP-1) Is a Selective Allosteric Antagonist of α7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor. PLoS ONE 11 (2), e0149733 [+]

    SLURP-1 is a secreted toxin-like Ly-6/uPAR protein found in epithelium, sensory neurons and immune cells. Point mutations in the slurp-1 gene cause the autosomal inflammation skin disease Mal de Meleda. SLURP-1 is considered an autocrine/paracrine hormone that regulates growth and differentiation of keratinocytes and controls inflammation and malignant cell transformation. The majority of previous studies of SLURP-1 have been made using fusion constructs containing, in addition to the native protein, extra polypeptide sequences. Here we describe the activity and pharmacological profile of a recombinant analogue of human SLURP-1 (rSLURP-1) differing from the native protein only by one additional N-terminal Met residue. rSLURP-1 significantly inhibited proliferation (up to ~ 40%, EC50 ~ 4 nM) of human oral keratinocytes (Het-1A cells). Application of mecamylamine and atropine,-non-selective inhibitors of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) and muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, respectively, and anti-α7-nAChRs antibodies revealed α7 type nAChRs as an rSLURP-1 target in keratinocytes. Using affinity purification from human cortical extracts, we confirmed that rSLURP-1 binds selectively to the α7-nAChRs. Exposure of Xenopus oocytes expressing α7-nAChRs to rSLURP-1 caused a significant non-competitive inhibition of the response to acetylcholine (up to ~ 70%, IC50 ~ 1 μM). It was shown that rSLURP-1 binds to α7-nAChRs overexpressed in GH4Cl cells, but does not compete with 125I-α-bungarotoxin for binding to the receptor. These findings imply an allosteric antagonist-like mode of SLURP-1 interaction with α7-nAChRs outside the classical ligand-binding site. Contrary to rSLURP-1, other inhibitors of α7-nAChRs (mecamylamine, α-bungarotoxin and Lynx1) did not suppress the proliferation of keratinocytes. Moreover, the co-application of α-bungarotoxin with rSLURP-1 did not influence antiproliferative activity of the latter. This supports the hypothesis that the antiproliferative activity of SLURP-1 is related to 'metabotropic' signaling pathway through α7-nAChR, that activates intracellular signaling cascades without opening the receptor channel.

  4. Kasheverov I.E., Kudryavtsev D.S., Ivanov I.A., Zhmak M.N., Chugunov A.O., Tabakmakher V.M., Zelepuga E.A., Efremov R.G., Tsetlin V.I. (2015). Rational design of new ligands for nicotinic receptors on the basis of α-conotoxin PnIA. Dokl. Biochem. Biophys. 461, 106–9 [+]

    A variety of different subtypes of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) and their involvement in a number of diseases and pathologies (Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, schizophrenia, myasthenia, nicotine addiction) dictates the needs in potent and selective ligands for each subtype. These ligands can be used as a tool for detection and characterization of the distinct nAChR subtypes, as well as be the basis for drug design. Novel cholinergic ligands can emerge in the result of search among natural sources or design (with the use of modern computer modeling) on the basis of known molecules. The significance of the first way was confirmed in our hands by the detection of affinities of a set of marine alkaloids from sponges and ascidians towards some receptor subtypes. The most active of them — makaluvamines — showed micromolar affinity for muscle and neuronal α7 nAChRs. Application of the recently presented Protein Surface Topography method to known natural antagonist of some neuronal nAChRs — α-conotoxin PnIA — resulted in design of new potent analogs with nanomolar affinities for α7 nAChR. Radioactive derivatives of these analogs were successfully applied in radioligand tests for characterization of novel compounds and could be perspective as well for detection of α7 nAChR in the various preparations. Combining these two ways (search and design) was demonstrated in the synthesis of small peptide compounds on the basis of discovered by us in venom of Burmese Viper linear peptide azemiopsin — powerful blocker of muscle-type nAChRs. Some designed peptides have retained a certain affinity to receptor and showed high practical potential: in the absence of toxicity they contributed to the reduction of facial wrinkles (patent application for cosmetic use RU2013102410; PCT/RU2014/000032).

  5. Kasheverov I.E., Zhmak M.N., Fish A., Rucktooa P., Khruschov A.Y., Osipov A.V., Ziganshin R.H., D'hoedt D., Bertrand D., Sixma T.K., Smit A.B., Tsetlin V.I. (2009). Interaction of alpha-conotoxin ImII and its analogs with nicotinic receptors and acetylcholine-binding proteins: additional binding sites on Torpedo receptor. J. Neurochem. 111 (4), 934–44 [+]

    alpha-Conotoxins interact with nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) and acetylcholine-binding proteins (AChBPs) at the sites for agonists/competitive antagonists. alpha-Conotoxins blocking muscle-type or alpha7 nAChRs compete with alpha-bungarotoxin. However, alpha-conotoxin ImII, a close homolog of the alpha7 nAChR-targeting alpha-conotoxin ImI, blocked alpha7 and muscle nAChRs without displacing alpha-bungarotoxin (Ellison et al. 2003, 2004), suggesting binding at a different site. We synthesized alpha-conotoxin ImII, its ribbon isomer (ImIIiso), 'mutant' ImII(W10Y) and found similar potencies in blocking human alpha7 and muscle nAChRs in Xenopus oocytes. Both isomers displaced [(125)I]-alpha-bungarotoxin from human alpha7 nAChRs in the cell line GH(4)C(1) (IC(50) 17 and 23 microM, respectively) and from Lymnaea stagnalis and Aplysia californica AChBPs (IC(50) 2.0-9.0 microM). According to SPR measurements, both isomers bound to immobilized AChBPs and competed with AChBP for immobilized alpha-bungarotoxin (K(d) and IC(50) 2.5-8.2 microM). On Torpedo nAChR, alpha-conotoxin [(125)I]-ImII(W10Y) revealed specific binding (K(d) 1.5-6.1 microM) and could be displaced by alpha-conotoxin ImII, ImIIiso and ImII(W10Y) with IC(50) 2.7, 2.2 and 3.1 microM, respectively. As alpha-cobratoxin and alpha-conotoxin ImI displaced [(125)I]-ImII(W10Y) only at higher concentrations (IC(50)> or = 90 microM), our results indicate that alpha-conotoxin ImII and its congeners have an additional binding site on Torpedo nAChR distinct from the site for agonists/competitive antagonists.

  6. Osipov A.V., Kasheverov I.E., Makarova Y.V., Starkov V.G., Vorontsova O.V., Ziganshin R.K., Andreeva T.V., Serebryakova M.V., Benoit A., Hogg R.C., Bertrand D., Tsetlin V.I., Utkin Y.N. (2008). Naturally occurring disulfide-bound dimers of three-fingered toxins: a paradigm for biological activity diversification. J. Biol. Chem. 283 (21), 14571–80 [+]

    Three-fingered toxins of new structural type were found: disulphide bound dimmers of cobratoxin with cytotoxins and cobrotoxin homodimer. It was shown that cobratoxin dimer acquires the capacity to interact with one more acetylcholine receptor subtype. This post-translational modification may be regarded as a new way for biological activity diversification in three-fingered toxins.

  7. Kasheverov I.E., Zhmak M.N., Vulfius C.A., Gorbacheva E.V., Mordvintsev D.Y., Utkin Y.N., van Elk R., Smit A.B., Tsetlin V.I. (2006). Alpha-conotoxin analogs with additional positive charge show increased selectivity towards Torpedo californica and some neuronal subtypes of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. FEBS J. 273 (19), 4470–81 [+]

    Alpha-conotoxins from Conus snails are indispensable tools for distinguishing various subtypes of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), and synthesis of alpha-conotoxin analogs may yield novel antagonists of higher potency and selectivity. We incorporated additional positive charges into alpha-conotoxins and analyzed their binding to nAChRs. Introduction of Arg or Lys residues instead of Ser12 in alpha-conotoxins GI and SI, or D12K substitution in alpha-conotoxin SIA increased the affinity for both the high- and low-affinity sites in membrane-bound Torpedo californica nAChR. The effect was most pronounced for [D12K]SIA with 30- and 200-fold enhancement for the respective sites, resulting in the most potent alpha-conotoxin blocker of the Torpedo nAChR among those tested. Similarly, D14K substitution in alpha-conotoxin [A10L]PnIA, a blocker of neuronal alpha7 nAChR, was previously shown to increase the affinity for this receptor and endowed [A10L,D14K]PnIA with the capacity to distinguish between acetylcholine-binding proteins from the mollusks Lymnaea stagnalis and Aplysia californica. We found that [A10L,D14K]PnIA also distinguishes two alpha7-like anion-selective nAChR subtypes present on identified neurons of L. stagnalis: [D14K] mutation affected only slightly the potency of [A10L]PnIA to block nAChRs on neurons with low sensitivity to alpha-conotoxin ImI, but gave a 50-fold enhancement of blocking activity in cells with high sensitivity to ImI. Therefore, the introduction of an additional positive charge in the C-terminus of alpha-conotoxins targeting some muscle or neuronal nAChRs made them more discriminative towards the respective nAChR subtypes. In the case of muscle-type alpha-conotoxin [D12K]SIA, the contribution of the Lys12 positive charge to enhanced affinity towards Torpedo nAChR was rationalized with the aid of computer modeling.

  8. Kasheverov I.E., Chiara D.C., Zhmak M.N., Maslennikov I.V., Pashkov V.S., Arseniev A.S., Utkin Y.N., Cohen J.B., Tsetlin V.I. (2006). alpha-Conotoxin GI benzoylphenylalanine derivatives. (1)H-NMR structures and photoaffinity labeling of the Torpedo californica nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. FEBS J. 273 (7), 1373–88 [+]

    alpha-Conotoxins are small peptides from cone snail venoms that function as nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)-competitive antagonists differentiating between nAChR subtypes. Current understanding about the mechanism of these selective interactions is based largely on mutational analyses, which identify amino acids in the toxin and nAChR that determine the energetics of ligand binding. To identify regions of the nAChR involved in alpha-conotoxin binding by use of photoactivated cross-linking, two benzoylphenylalanine (Bpa) analogs of alpha-conotoxin GI, GI(Bpa12) and GI(Bpa4), were synthesized by replacing the respective residues with Bpa, and their (1)H-NMR structures were determined.

  9. Celie P.H., Kasheverov I.E., Mordvintsev D.Y., Hogg R.C., van Nierop P., van Elk R., van Rossum-Fikkert S.E., Zhmak M.N., Bertrand D., Tsetlin V.I., Sixma T.K., Smit A.B. (2005). Crystal structure of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor homolog AChBP in complex with an alpha-conotoxin PnIA variant. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol. 12 (7), 582–8 [+]

    For the first time the X-ray structure of acetylcholine-binding protein in complex with conotoxin was established. The data obtained allowed to reveal the main structural features of conotoxin interaction with acetylcholine receptors.