A new methodological approach to estimation of IgA1 and IgA2 content in human serum using recombinant IgA1 protease from Neisseria meningitidis
Objectives: A new approach to estimation of IgA subclass levels and IgA1/IgA2 ratio using enzymatically active and inactive forms of Neisseria meningitidis IgA1 protease was developed. Results: The approach was tested using the sera of healthy volunteers and patients with meningococcal meningitis. There was a significant increase in the IgA1 level in patients with meningitis (mean titer 1:1546 ± 352) compared to healthy volunteers (mean titer 1:546 ± 282), while the IgA2 content remained unchanged. The IgA1/IgA2 ratio was 6.3 for the healthy volunteers and 12.8 for patients with meningitis. IgA2 for the patients with meningitis and the healthy volunteers were almost unchanged, 1:86 ± 61 and 1:121 ± 46, respectively. Conclusions: The proposed method is economical and reliable and can be used for evaluation of IgA1 and IgA2 in clinical laboratories or for research purposes.