Обухова Полина Сергеевна

Кандидат химических наук

Научный сотрудник (Лаборатория углеводов)

Тел.: +7 (495) 336-02-55

Эл. почта: polina@carb.ibch.ru

Избранные публикации

  1. Volynsky P., Efremov R., Mikhalev I., Dobrochaeva K., Tuzikov A., Korchagina E., Obukhova P., Rapoport E., Bovin N. (2017). Why human anti-Galα1-4Galβ1-4Glc natural antibodies do not recognize the trisaccharide on erythrocyte membrane? Molecular dynamics and immunochemical investigation. Mol. Immunol. 90, 87–97 [+]

    Human blood contains a big variety of natural antibodies, circulating throughout life at constant concentration. Previously, we have found natural antibodies capable of binding to trisaccharide Galα1-4Galβ1-4Glc (P(k)) practically in all humans. Intriguingly, the same trisaccharide is a key fragment of glycosphingolipid globotriaosylceramide (Gb3Cer) - normal component of erythrocyte and endothelial cell membrane, i.e. the antibodies and their cognate antigen coexist without any immunological reaction.

  2. Shilova N., Huflejt M.E., Vuskovic M., Obukhova P., Navakouski M., Khasbiullina N., Pazynina G., Galanina O., Bazhenov A., Bovin N. (2015). Natural Antibodies Against Sialoglycans. Top Curr Chem 366, 169–81 [+]

    Natural antibodies, part of the innate immunity system, are produced at strictly regulated levels in normal sera without immunization and thus are part of the innate immune system. The best studied natural antibodies are those directed against blood group antigens A and B and xeno-antigens including glycolylneuraminic acid containing Hanganutziu-Deicher (HD) glycolipid. Abnormal levels of anti-glycan antibodies were found in a number of pathologies. In many cases pathological antibodies are known to bind gangliosides. The genesis of anti-glycan antibodies in healthy humans and the reasons for their changes in pathologies are poorly understood. With a growing interest in their diagnostic applications, it is important to determine the carbohydrate structures that are recognized by antibodies present in the circulation of healthy individuals. We tested a large number of healthy donors using a printed glycan array (PGA) in a microchip format. The PGA contained ~300 glycans, representing mostly normal mammalian structures of glycoproteins and glycolipids, and many of the structures presented are biologically relevant sialylated motifs. As revealed by PGA, the sera interacted with at least 70 normal human glycans. With only few exceptions, antibodies recognizing sialosides have not been identified. Moderate levels of antibodies and moderate variability were observed in the case of SiaT n and its glycolyl variant. Unexpectedly, we found minimal antibody titer directed against Neu5Gcα and the trisaccharide Neu5Gcα2-6Galβ1-4GlcNAc, although this form of neuraminic acid does not occur naturally in humans. Antibodies recognizing sialosides in unnatural β-configuration have been detected and confirmed Springer's paradigm that circulating antibodies represent a reaction against bacteria. Gram-negative bacteria contain LPS with βKDN and/or βKDO which are very close analogs of Neu5Ac that are found in β-connected form. Antibodies against the biantennary N-glycan chain, (Neu5Acα2-6Galβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-2Manα)2-3,6-Manβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-4GlcNAc were never observed and similarly we never saw antibodies directed against the SiaLe(a)/SiaLe (x) motifs. Anti-sialoglycan antibodies can be masked with gangliosides: for example, we observe about a five times higher level of anti-GD3 in purified total IgG compared to the same concentration of total Ig in the composition of native serum. For several antibodies we observed anomalous binding in diluted sera, namely, the signals towards sialylated glycans were increased in the PGA if diluted sera were used.

  3. Bovin N., Obukhova P., Shilova N., Rapoport E., Popova I., Navakouski M., Unverzagt C., Vuskovic M., Huflejt M. (2012). Repertoire of human natural anti-glycan immunoglobulins. Do we have auto-antibodies? Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1820 (9), 1373–82 [+]

    Profiling of donor's antibodies using glycan arrays demonstrated presence of antibodies capable of binding to >100 mammalian glycans or their fragments. For example, relatively high binding to Galα1-4Galβ1-4GlcNAc (P(1)), Galα1-4Galβ1-4Glc (P(k)), Galβ1-3GlcNAc (Le(c)), 4-O-SuGalβ1-4GlcNAc, and GalNAcα1-3GalNAc (Fs) was found in all tested individuals. Affinity isolation using hapten-specific chromatography in combination with epitope mapping revealed their glycotopes. Notably, a significant part of the antibodies was capable of recognizing a fragment of larger glycans, for example, -Galβ1-4Glc of glycolipids, or Fucα1-3GlcNAc motif of Le(X)/Le(Y) antigens. Their epitope specificity did not vary between different healthy individuals. Nominally, all the mentioned immunoglobulins could be classified as auto-antibodies.

  4. Obukhova P., Korchagina E., Henry S., Bovin N. (2012). Natural anti-A and anti-B of the ABO system: allo- and autoantibodies have different epitope specificity. Transfusion 52 (4), 860–9 [+]

    According to Landsteiner's law, alloantibodies are prevalent and autoantibodies are absent in the ABO blood group system. However, one study (Spalter et al., Blood 1999;93:4418-24) has suggested that low-affinity ABO autoantibodies, mitigated by anti-idiotypic immunoglobulins are also prevalent, while another publication (Rieben et al., Eur J Immunol 1992;22:2713-7) shows that humans do not have B-lymphocytes capable of producing immunoglobulin G ABO autoantibodies.

  5. Obukhova P., Piskarev V., Severov V., Pazynina G., Tuzikov A., Navakouski M., Shilova N., Bovin N. (2011). Profiling of serum antibodies with printed glycan array: room for data misinterpretation. Glycoconj. J. 28 (8-9), 501–5 [+]

    Using an example of Galβ1-3GlcNAc (Le(C)) related glycans, we here demonstrate a risk of data misinterpretation when polyclonal antibodies are probed for their glycan-binding specificities with help of a printed glycan array (PGA). Affinity isolation of antibodies from human serum using Le(C)-Sepharose or 3'-O-SuLe(C)-Sepharose in conditions of excess of the adsorbents generated identical material regardless of the affinity ligand, with the antibodies equally capable of binding to Le(C) and to 3'-O-SuLe(C) disaccharides, as well as to 3'-O-SiaLe(C) trisaccharide. More detailed profiling has shown that the isolated antibodies bind to the inner part of Galβ1-3GlcNAc disaccharide. We therefore conclude that serum does not contain different subsets of antibodies specific either to Le(C) or to 3'-O-SuLe(C), despite their visibly different binding signals to these glycans on PGA.

  6. Huflejt M.E., Vuskovic M., Vasiliu D., Xu H., Obukhova P., Shilova N., Tuzikov A., Galanina O., Arun B., Lu K., Bovin N. (2009). Anti-carbohydrate antibodies of normal sera: findings, surprises and challenges. Mol. Immunol. 46 (15), 3037–49 [+]

    We have used microchip format glycan array to characterize the individual carbohydrate recognition patterns by antibodies (Ab) in sera of 106 healthy donors. The glycan library included blood group antigens and other most frequent terminal oligosaccharides and their cores of mammalian N- and O-linked glycoproteins and glycolipids, tumor-associated carbohydrate antigens, and common components of bacterial/pathogenic polysaccharides and lipopolysaccharides, totally 205 glycans. The serum Ab interacted with at least 50 normal human glyco-motifs. Apart from expected blood group-, xeno- (heterophil) and infection-related binding activities, we observed a number of new and unexpected features. The surprising, relatively high antibody binding was found to the blood group P(1) and P(k) trisaccharides and H(type 2) trisaccharide. Novel and very high binding activities have been observed towards Galbeta1-3GlcNAc (Le(C)) related glycans, especially 3'-O-Su-Le(C), and towards 4'-O-sulfated lactosamine. Relatively high and uniform Ab binding to GalNAcalpha1-3Gal disaccharide demonstrated absence of correlation with fucosylated blood group A GalNAcalpha1-3(Fucalpha1-2)Gal antigen-similarly to well known relationship between Galalpha1-3Gal and true, fucosylated blood group B Galalpha1-3(Fucalpha1-2)Gal antigen. The binding intensity to Galalpha1-3Galbeta1-4GlcNAc xenoantigen was shown to be rather modest. Absence or very low Ab binding was found against oligosialic acid, sialooligosaccharides except SiaT(n), type 2 backbone glycans such as Le(y), and biantennary N-chain as well as its truncated forms, i.e. without terminal Sia, SiaGal, and SiaGalGlcNAc motifs. We have also found that Ab are capable of recognizing the short inner core typical for glycolipids (-Galbeta1-4Glc) and glycoproteins (-GalNAcalpha) as a fragment of bigger glycans.

  7. Selina O.E., Chinarev A.A., Obukhova P.S., Bartkowiak A., Bovin N.V., Markvicheva E.A. (2009). Alginate-chitosan microspheres for the specific sorption of antibodies. Russ. J. Bioorgan. Chem. 34 (4), 468–474 [+]

    Potentially hemocompatible alginate-chitiosan microparticles and microcapsules coated with a semipermeable membrane with incorporated glycoconjugates were synthesized. The membrane acts as a barrier, which keeps the incorporated glycoconjugate from going outside but permits antibodies to penetrate inside and specifically bind to antigens, high-molecular polysaccharide conjugates. The supports obtained are highly competitive in sorption capacity with Sepharose modified by the same oligosaccharides.

  8. Obukhova P., Rieben R., Bovin N. (2007). Normal human serum contains high levels of anti-Gal alpha 1-4GlcNAc antibodies. Xenotransplantation 14 (6), 627–35 [+]

    Natural xenoreactive antibodies (Abs) directed against the Bdi-epitope (Gal alpha 1-3Gal beta) on the cells of non-primate mammals take part in hyperacute rejection of xenotransplanted organs. We found that some Abs, which were one-step affinity purified on Bdi-Sepharose, cross-reacted with the disaccharide Gal alpha 1-4GlcNAc beta. The epitope Gal alpha 1-4GlcNAc has not been identified on mammals or bacterial polysaccharides yet.

  9. Korchagina E.Y., Pochechueva T.V., Obukhova P.S., Formanovsky A.A., Imberty A., Rieben R., Bovin N.V. (2005). Design of the blood group AB glycotope. Glycoconj. J. 22 (3), 127–33 [+]

    Although the nature of the blood groups A and B has been comprehensively studied for a long time, it is still unclear as to what exactly is the epitope that is recognized by antibodies having AB specificity, i.e. monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies which are capable of interacting equally well with the antigens GalNAcalpha 1-3(Fucalpha 1-2)Gal (A trisaccharide) and Galalpha 1-3(Fucalpha 1-2)Gal (B trisaccharide), but do not react with their common fragment Fucalpha 1-2Gal. We have supposed that besides Fucalpha 1-2Gal, A and B antigens have one more shared epitope. The trisaccharides A and B are practically identical from the conformational point of view, the only difference being situated at position 2 of Galalpha residue, i.e. trisaccharide A has a NHAc group, whereas trisaccharide B has a hydroxyl group (see formulas). We have hypothesized that the AB-epitope should be situated in the part of the molecule that is opposite to the NHAc group of GalNAc residue. In order to test this hypothesis we have synthesized a polymeric conjugate in such a way that de-N-acetylated A-trisaccharide is attached to a polymer via the nitrogen in position C-2 of the galactosamine residue. In this conjugate the supposed AB-epitope should be maximally accessible for antibodies from the solution, whereas the discrimination site of antigens A and B by the antibodies should be maximally hidden due to the close proximity of the polymer. Interaction with several anti-AB monoclonal antibodies revealed that a part of them really interacted with the synthetic AB-glycotope, thus confirming our hypothesis. Moreover, similar antibodies were revealed in the blood of healthy blood group 0 donors. Analysis of spatial models was performed in addition to identify the hydroxyl groups of Fuc, Galalpha, and Galbeta residues, which are particularly involved in the composition of the AB-glycotope.