Чинарёв Александр Александрович

Младший научный сотрудник (Лаборатория углеводов)

Тел.: +7 (495) 330-03-00

Эл. почта: chinarev@carb.ibch.ru

Избранные публикации

  1. Bovin N.V., Tuzikov A.B., Chinarev A.A. (2008). Oligoglycines: Materials with unlimited potential for nanotechnologies. Nanotechnologies in Russia 3 (5-6), 48–61 ID:241
  2. Gambaryan A.S., Boravleva E.Y., Matrosovich T.Y., Matrosovich M.N., Klenk H.D., Moiseeva E.V., Tuzikov A.B., Chinarev A.A., Pazynina G.V., Bovin N.V. (2005). Polymer-bound 6' sialyl-N-acetyllactosamine protects mice infected by influenza virus. Antiviral Res. 68 (3), 116–23 [+]

    To develop a mouse model for testing receptor attachment inhibitors of human influenza viruses, the human clinical virus isolate in MDCK cells A/NIB/23/89M (H1N1) was adapted to mice by serial passaging through mouse lungs. The adaptation enhanced the viral pathogenicity for mice, but preserved the virus receptor binding phenotype, preferential binding to 2-6-linked sialic acid receptors and low affinity for 2-3-linked receptors. Sequencing of the HA gene of the mouse-adapted virus A/NIB/23/89-MA revealed a loss of the glycosylation sites in positions 94 and 163 of HA1 and substitutions 275Asp-->Gly in HA1 and 145Asn-->Asp in HA2. The four mouse strains tested differed significantly in their sensitivity to A/NIB/23/89-MA with the sensitivity increasing in the order of BALB/cJCitMoise, C57BL/6LacSto, CBA/CaLacSto and A/SnJCitMoise strains. Testing of protective efficacy of the polyacrylamide conjugate bearing Neu5Acalpha2-6Galbeta1-4GlcNAc trisaccharide under conditions of lethal or sublethal virus infection demonstrated a strong protective effect of this preparation. In particular, aerosol treatment of mice with the polymeric attachment inhibitor on 24-110 h after infection completely prevented mortality in sensitive animals and lessened disease symptoms in more resistant mouse strains.

  3. Bovin N.V., Tuzikov A.B., Chinarev A.A., Gambaryan A.S. (2004). Multimeric glycotherapeutics: new paradigm. Glycoconj. J. 21 (8-9), 471–8 [+]

    The general principle of anti-adhesion therapy is the inhibition of microorganism adhesion to the host cell with the help of a soluble receptor analog. Despite an evident attractiveness of the concept and its long existence, the therapeutics of the 'post-antibiotic era' have not yet appeared. This can be explained by the contradictoriness of requirements for anti-adhesion drugs: to be efficient a drug must be multivalent, i.e. large molecule, but to obtain FDA approval it should be a small molecule. A way to overcome this contradiction is self-assembly of glycopeptides. The carbohydrate part of glycopeptide is responsible for binding with the lectin of microorganisms, whereas a simple peptide part is responsible for an association to the so-called tectomers. Depending on the structure, tectomers are formed either spontaneously or upon promotion of a microorganism. In particular, sialopeptide, which is capable of converting to a tectomer only in the presence of the influenza virus, has been obtained. Thus, the new strategy of anti-adhesion therapy can be formulated as follows: (1) identification of oligosaccharide-receptor for a particular virus (bacteria); (2) optimization of the peptide part; (3) conventional trials. The expected advantages of this strategy are the following: (i) no polymer; (ii) a virion completely covered with a tectomer, i.e. blocking is both complete and irreversible; (iii) rapid and rational lead identification and optimization; (iv) minimum side effects; (v) potential for microorganism resistance to natural receptor is lower than in the case of mimetics.

  4. Tuzikov A.B., Chinarev A.A., Gambaryan A.S., Oleinikov V.A., Klinov D.V., Matsko N.B., Kadykov V.A., Ermishov M.A., Demin I.V., Demin V.V., Rye P.D., Bovin N.V. (2003). Polyglycine II nanosheets: supramolecular antivirals? Chembiochem 4 (2-3), 147–54 [+]

    Tetraantennary peptides [glycine(n)-NHCH(2)](4)C can form stable noncovalent structures by self-assembly through intermolecular hydrogen bonding. The oligopeptide chains assemble as polyglycine II to yield submicron-sized, flat, one-molecule-thick sheets. Attachment of alpha-N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Acalpha) to the terminal glycine residues gives rise to water-soluble assembled glycopeptides that are able to bind influenza virus multivalently and inhibit adhesion of the virus to cells 10(3)-fold more effectively than a monomeric glycoside of Neu5Acalpha. Another antiviral strategy based on virus-promoted assembly of the glycopeptides was also demonstrated. Consequently, the self-assembly principle offers new perspectives on the design of multivalent antivirals.