Галанина Оксана Евгеньевна

Кандидат химических наук

Научный сотрудник (Лаборатория углеводов)

Тел.: +7 (495) 330-03-00

Эл. почта: galanina@carb.ibch.ru

Избранные публикации

  1. Huflejt M.E., Vuskovic M., Vasiliu D., Xu H., Obukhova P., Shilova N., Tuzikov A., Galanina O., Arun B., Lu K., Bovin N. (2009). Anti-carbohydrate antibodies of normal sera: findings, surprises and challenges. Mol. Immunol. 46 (15), 3037–49 [+]

    We have used microchip format glycan array to characterize the individual carbohydrate recognition patterns by antibodies (Ab) in sera of 106 healthy donors. The glycan library included blood group antigens and other most frequent terminal oligosaccharides and their cores of mammalian N- and O-linked glycoproteins and glycolipids, tumor-associated carbohydrate antigens, and common components of bacterial/pathogenic polysaccharides and lipopolysaccharides, totally 205 glycans. The serum Ab interacted with at least 50 normal human glyco-motifs. Apart from expected blood group-, xeno- (heterophil) and infection-related binding activities, we observed a number of new and unexpected features. The surprising, relatively high antibody binding was found to the blood group P(1) and P(k) trisaccharides and H(type 2) trisaccharide. Novel and very high binding activities have been observed towards Galbeta1-3GlcNAc (Le(C)) related glycans, especially 3'-O-Su-Le(C), and towards 4'-O-sulfated lactosamine. Relatively high and uniform Ab binding to GalNAcalpha1-3Gal disaccharide demonstrated absence of correlation with fucosylated blood group A GalNAcalpha1-3(Fucalpha1-2)Gal antigen-similarly to well known relationship between Galalpha1-3Gal and true, fucosylated blood group B Galalpha1-3(Fucalpha1-2)Gal antigen. The binding intensity to Galalpha1-3Galbeta1-4GlcNAc xenoantigen was shown to be rather modest. Absence or very low Ab binding was found against oligosialic acid, sialooligosaccharides except SiaT(n), type 2 backbone glycans such as Le(y), and biantennary N-chain as well as its truncated forms, i.e. without terminal Sia, SiaGal, and SiaGalGlcNAc motifs. We have also found that Ab are capable of recognizing the short inner core typical for glycolipids (-Galbeta1-4Glc) and glycoproteins (-GalNAcalpha) as a fragment of bigger glycans.

  2. Bovin N.V., Korchagina E.Y., Zemlyanukhina T.V., Byramova N.E., Galanina O.E., Zemlyakov A.E., Ivanov A.E., Zubov V.P., Mochalova L.V. (1993). Synthesis of polymeric neoglycoconjugates based on N-substituted polyacrylamides. Glycoconj. J. 10 (2), 142–51 [+]

    Several types of polymeric glycoconjugates, N-substituted polyacrylamides, have been synthesized by the reaction of activated polymers with omega-aminoalkylglycosides: (i) (carbohydrate-spacer)n-polyacrylamide, 'pseudopolysaccharides'; (ii) (carbohydrate-spacer)n-phosphatidylethanolaminem-polyacrylamide, neoglycolipids, derivatives of phosphatidylethanolamine; (iii) (carbohydrate-spacer)n-biotin-polyacrylamide, biotinylated probes; (iv) (carbohydrate-spacer)n-polyacrylamide-(macroporous glass), affinity sorbents based on macroporous glass, covalently coated with polyacrylamide. An almost quantitative yield in the conjunction reaction makes it possible to insert in the conjugate a predetermined quantity of the ligand(s). Pseudopolysaccharides proved to be a suitable form of antigen for activation of polystyrene and poly(vinyl chloride) plates (ELISA) and nitrocellulose membranes (dot blot), being advantageous over traditional neoglycoproteins. Polyvalent glycolipids insert well in biological membranes: their physical properties, particularly solubility, can be changed in a desired direction. Biotinylated derivatives were used as probes for detection and analysis of lectins.