Чернов Игорь Павлович

Кандидат химических наук

Старший научный сотрудник (Лаборатория структуры и функций генов человека)

Тел.: +7 (495) 330-70-29

Эл. почта: igor_ch@ibch.ru

Избранные публикации

  1. Kashkin K.N., Chernov I.P., Didych D.A., Sverdlov E.D. (2017). Construction of a combinatorial library of chimeric tumor-specific promoters. BioTechniques 63 (3), 107–116 [+]

    Gene therapy is a fast-developing field of molecular medicine. New, effective, and cancer-specific promoters are in high demand by researchers seeking to treat cancer through expression of therapeutic genes. Here, we created a combinatorial library of tumor-specific chimeric promoter modules for identifying new promoters with desired functions. The library was constructed by randomly combining promoter fragments from eight human genes involved in cell proliferation control. The pool of chimeric promoters was inserted into a lentiviral expression vector upstream of the CopGFP reporter gene, transduced into A431 cells, and enriched for active promoters by cell sorting. The enriched library contained a remarkably high proportion of active and tumor-specific promoters. This approach to generating combinatorial libraries of chimeric promoters may serve as a useful tool for selecting highly specific and effective promoters for cancer research and gene therapy.

  2. Kashkin K., Chernov I., Stukacheva E., Monastyrskaya G., Uspenskaya N., Kopantzev E., Sverdlov E. (2015). Cancer specificity of promoters of the genes controlling cell proliferation. J. Cell. Biochem. 116 (2), 299–309 [+]

    Violation of proliferation control is a common feature of cancer cells. We put forward the hypothesis that promoters of genes involved in the control of cell proliferation should possess intrinsic cancer specific activity. We cloned promoter regions of CDC6, POLD1, CKS1B, MCM2, and PLK1 genes into pGL3 reporter vector and studied their ability to drive heterologous gene expression in transfected cancer cells of different origin and in normal human fibroblasts. Each promoter was cloned in short (335-800 bp) and long (up to 2.3 kb) variants to cover probable location of core and whole promoter regulatory elements. Cloned promoters were significantly more active in cancer cells than in normal fibroblasts that may indicate their cancer specificity. Both versions of CDC6 promoters were shown to be most active while the activities of others were close to that of BIRC5 gene (survivin) gene promoter. Long and short variants of each cloned promoter demonstrated very similar cancer specificity with the exception of PLK1-long promoter that was substantially more specific than its short variant and other promoters under study. The data indicate that most of the important cis-regulatory transcription elements responsible for intrinsic cancer specificity are located in short variants of the promoters under study. CDC6 short promoter may serve as a promising candidate for transcription targeted cancer gene therapy.

  3. Alekseenko I.V., Pleshkan V.V., Kopantzev E.P., Stukacheva E.A., Chernov I.P., Vinogradova T.V., Sverdlov E.D. (2012). Activity of the upstream component of tandem TERT/survivin promoters depends on features of the downstream component. PLoS ONE 7 (10), e46474 [+]

    We spliced the promoters of the human telomerase and human survivin genes (PhTERT and PhSurv, respectively) widely used for gene therapy and known to have the broadest cancer type spectrum of activity. Two head-to-tail constructs were obtained: the PhTERT-PhSurv and PhSurv-PhTERT tandems. The splicing caused quantitative and qualitative changes in the promoter features. In both constructs, only the promoter proximal to the transcribed gene retained its ability to initiate transcription, whereas the distal promoter was silent, the phenomenon never reported before. However, the distal promoter modulated the activity of the proximal one by increasing its strength and causing an appearance of additional transcription start sites. We suggested that this suppression might be due to the presence of Sp1 transcription factor binding sites in both promoters and Sp1-bridges between these sites. Such Sp1-bridges might convert the tandem promoter linear DNA into a stem-loop structure. If localized inside the formed loop, the distal promoter could lose its ability to initiate transcription. To test this hypothesis, we constructed two modified double promoters, where the proximal PhSurv promoter was replaced either by a shortened variant of the survivin promoter (PhSurv269) or by the mouse survivin promoter. Both PhSurv substitutes were considerably shorter than PhSurv and had different numbers and/or positions of Sp1 sites. In modified tandems, transcription was initiated from both promoters. We also prepared two mutant forms of the PhSurv-PhTERT tandem with two or four Sp1 sites removed from the distal "long" PhSurv promoter. In the first case, the distal PhSurv promoter remained silent, whereas the removal of four Sp1 binding sites restored its activity. In the majority of studied cancer cell lines the efficiency of transcription from the hTERT-(shortened hSurv269) promoter tandem was markedly higher than from each constituent promoter. In normal lung fibroblast cells, the tandem promoter activity was considerably lower.

  4. Chernov I.P., Timchenko K.A., Akopov S.B., Nikolaev L.G., Sverdlov E.D. (2007). Identification of tissue-specific DNA-protein binding sites by means of two-dimensional electrophoretic mobility shift assay display. Anal. Biochem. 364 (1), 60–6 [+]

    We developed a technique of differential electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) display allowing identification of tissue-specific protein-binding sites within long genomic sequences. Using this approach, we identified 10 cell type-specific protein-binding sites (protein target sites [PTSs]) within a 137-kb human chromosome 19 region. In general, tissue-specific binding of proteins from different nuclear extracts by individual PTSs did not follow the all-or-nothing principle. Most often, PTS-protein complexes were formed in all cases, but they were different for different nuclear extracts used.

  5. Shaposhnikov S.A., Akopov S.B., Chernov I.P., Thomsen P.D., Joergensen C., Collins A.R., Frengen E., Nikolaev L.G. (2007). A map of nuclear matrix attachment regions within the breast cancer loss-of-heterozygosity region on human chromosome 16q22.1. Genomics 89 (3), 354–61 [+]

    There is abundant evidence that the DNA in eukaryotic cells is organized into loop domains that represent basic structural and functional units of chromatin packaging. To explore the DNA domain organization of the breast cancer loss-of-heterozygosity region on human chromosome 16q22.1, we have identified a significant portion of the scaffold/matrix attachment regions (S/MARs) within this region. Forty independent putative S/MAR elements were assigned within the 16q22.1 locus. More than 90% of these S/MARs are AT rich, with GC contents as low as 27% in 2 cases. Thirty-nine (98%) of the S/MARs are located within genes and 36 (90%) in gene introns, of which 15 are in first introns of different genes. The clear tendency of S/MARs from this region to be located within the introns suggests their regulatory role. The S/MAR resource constructed may contribute to an understanding of how the genes in the region are regulated and of how the structural architecture and functional organization of the DNA are related.

  6. Akopov S.B., Ruda V.M., Batrak V.V., Vetchinova A.S., Chernov I.P., Nikolaev L.G., Bode J., Sverdlov E.D. (2006). Identification, genome mapping, and CTCF binding of potential insulators within the FXYD5-COX7A1 locus of human chromosome 19q13.12. Mamm. Genome 17 (10), 1042–9 [+]

    Identification of insulators is one of the most difficult problems in functional mapping of genomes. For this reason, up to now only a few insulators have been described. In this article we suggest an approach that allows direct isolation of insulators by a simple positive-negative selection based on blocking enhancer effects by insulators. The approach allows selection of fragments capable of blocking enhancers from mixtures of genomic fragments prepared from up to 1-Mb genomic regions. Using this approach, a 1-Mb human genome locus was analyzed and eight potential insulators were selected. Five of the eight sequences were positioned in intergenic regions and two were within introns. The genes of the alpha-polypeptide H+/K+ exchanging ATPase (ATP4A) and amyloid beta (A4) precursor-like protein 1 (APLP1) within the locus studied were found to be flanked by insulators on both sides. Both genes are characterized by distinct tissue-specific expression that differs from the tissue specificity of the surrounding genes. The data obtained are consistent with the conception that insulators subdivide genomic DNA into loop domains that comprise genes characterized by similar expression profiles. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, we demonstrated also that at least six of the putative insulators revealed in this work could bind the CTCF transcription factor in vivo. We believe that the proposed approach could be a useful instrument for functional analysis of genomes.

  7. Vetchinova A.S., Akopov S.B., Chernov I.P., Nikolaev L.G., Sverdlov E.D. (2006). Two-dimensional electrophoretic mobility shift assay: identification and mapping of transcription factor CTCF target sequences within an FXYD5-COX7A1 region of human chromosome 19. Anal. Biochem. 354 (1), 85–93 [+]

    An approach for fast identification and mapping of transcription factor binding sites within long genomic sequences is proposed. Using this approach, 10 CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) binding sites were identified within a 1-Mb FXYD5-COX7A1 human chromosome 19 region. In vivo binding of CTCF to these sites was verified by chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. CTCF binding sites were mapped within gene introns and intergenic regions, and some of them contained Alu-like repeated elements.

  8. Chernov I.P., Akopov S.B., Nikolaev L.G., Sverdlov E.D. (2006). Identification and mapping of DNA binding proteins target sequences in long genomic regions by two-dimensional EMSA. BioTechniques 41 (1), 91–6 [+]

    Specific binding of nuclear proteins, in particular transcription factors, to target DNA sequences is a major mechanism of genome functioning and gene expression regulation in eukaryotes. Therefore, identification and mapping specific protein target sites (PTS) is necessary for understanding genomic regulation. Here we used a novel two-dimensional electrophoretic mobility shift assay (2D-EMSA) procedure for identification and mapping of 52 PTS within a 563-kb human genome region located between the FXYD5 and TZFP genes. The PTS occurred with approximately equal frequency within unique and repetitive genomic regions. PTS belonging to unique sequences tended to group together within gene introns and close to their 5' and 3' ends, whereas PTS located within repeats were evenly distributed between transcribed and intragenic regions.

  9. Danilkovich A.V., Borodin A.M., Allikmets R.L., Rostapshov V.M., Chernov I.P. (1988). [Nucleotide sequence of the rpoC-gene coding for RNA polymerase beta'-subunit of Pseudomonas putida]. Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 303 (1), 241–5 ID:942