Laboratory of molecular immunology

Department of immunology

Head: Sergey Deyev, academician, +7(495)223-52-17, +7(495)995-55-57#5217


Molecular Immunology Laboratory at the Moscow River.

Sergey Deyev, academicianHead of, +7(495)223-52-17, +7(495)995-55-57#5217
Roman Kholodenko, Ph.D.s. r.
Ekaterina Lebedenko, Ph.D.s. r., +7(499)1510178, +7()
Maxim Nikitin, Ph.D.s. r.
Galina Proshkina, Ph.D.s. r.
Victoria Shipunova, Ph.D.s. r.
Aleksej Shul'ga, Ph.D.s. r.
Igor' Doronin, Ph.D.r.
Yuri Khodarovich, Ph.D.r.
Elena Shramova, Ph.D.r.
Ekaterina Souslova, Ph.D.r.
Olga Shilova, Ph.D.j. r.
Ivan Zelepukinj. r.
Alexey YaremenkoPhD
Yaroslav Belyaevt. q. - lab. as.
Olga Gryaznovat. q. - lab. as.
Ilya Ivanovt. q. - lab. as.
Tamara Luk'yanovak. eng.
Elena Konovalovasen.
Yaroslav Moiseevsen.
Anna Sogomonyansen.
Anastasiya Baryshnikovaeng.
Mariya Belovaeng.
Antonina Dunina-Barkovskayaeng.
Elena Mewerjakova,
Dar'ya Rahmaninovaeng.
Mariya Shilovaeng.

Former members:

Kristina Mironova, Ph.D.r.
Oleg Stremovskijr.
Taras Balandinj. r. f.
German Kagarlitskiyj. r.
Irina Kholodenkoj. r. f.
Sergej Lukashj. r. f.
Galina Semenovaj. r. f.
Evgeniya Sokolovasen. eng.
Dmitrij Karpenkores. eng.
Ol'ga Korol'chukres.
Tatiana Zdobnova,

All publications (show selected)


Sergey Deyev

Enhancement of the blood-circulation time and performance of nanomedicines via the forced clearance of erythrocytes.

A new approach has been proposed, which makes it possible to significantly extend the circulation time of nanoagents in the bloodstream and, as a consequence, increase their therapeutic activity. The approach called "cytoblockade of the mononuclear phagocytic system" does not require any modification of nanoparticles and consists in the introduction into the body of a relatively small amount of antibodies against its own erythrocytes. As a result, the immune system “focuses” on attacking its own erythrocytes and for some time “stops seeing” the introduced nanomaterials, which during this time are able to find target pathogenic objects and provide a therapeutic effect. An important characteristic feature of this approach is its versatility, i.e. independence from the nature, size and other properties of the nanoparticles used. [Nat Biomed Eng. 2020]. Another developed approach to improving the therapeutic effect of nanoagents, ideologically close to the one mentioned above, consists in the introduction of "inert" nanoagents into the body, causing an attack by the immune system, and only then nanoparticles with the drug [J. Cont. Release. 2020].

Dual Regioselective Targeting the Same Receptor in Nanoparticle-Mediated Combination Immuno/Chemotherapy for Enhanced Image-Guided Cancer Treatment.

In collaboration with Nursery for laboratory animals

For the first time, a strategy of regiospecific targeting the same receptor of two antitumor toxins with different mechanisms of action – the antibiotic doxorubicin in targeted  nanoparticles with diagnostic fluorescent die and protein targeted toxin - has been developed for the enhanced image-guided cancer treatment. A strong synergistic effect of these toxins on the tumor has been shown, which makes it possible to reduce the effective doses of toxins by 1000 times in in vitro experiments and significantly improve the therapeutic effect in vivo.

The genetically modified receptor-selective variant DR5 of cytokine TRAIL demonstrated increased antitumor activity and an improved pharmacokinetic profile

In collaboration with Laboratory of protein engineering

A genetically modified receptor-selective variant DR5-B of the antitumor cytokine TRAIL was developed, which selectively binds only to the apoptosis-inducing death receptor DR5, without affinity for the receptor DR4 and decoy receptors DcR1, DcR2 and OPG. DR5-B showed increased proapoptotic activity in tumor cells both separately and in combination with chemotherapy drugs. DR5-B inhibited tumor growth in HCT116 and Caco-2 xenografts, and its efficacy was 2.5-3 times higher than wild type TRAIL. DR5-B also significantly increased the animal survival. The pharmacokinetic parameters of DR5-B were comparable to those of TRAIL, except that the half-life was 3.5 times higher. Thus, DR5-B can be considered as an effective agent for the treatment of tumor diseases.

In Nature Biotechnology, scientists from IBCh RAS have announced the feasibility of creating plants that produce their own visible luminescence. It was revealed that bioluminescence found in some mushrooms is metabolically similar to the natural processes common among plants. By inserting DNA obtained from the mushroom Neonothopanus nambi, the scientists were able to create plants that glow much brighter than previously possible. Plants containing the mushroom DNA glow continuously throughout their lifecycle, from seedling to maturity. This biological light can be used for observing the inner workings of plants. In contrast to other commonly used forms of bioluminescence, such as from fireflies, unique chemical reagents are not necessary for sustaining mushroom bioluminescence.


  1. Mitiouchkina T, Mishin AS, Somermeyer LG, Markina NM, Chepurnyh TV, Guglya EB, Karataeva TA, Palkina KA, Shakhova ES, Fakhranurova LI, Chekova SV, Tsarkova AS, Golubev YV, Negrebetsky VV, Dolgushin SA, Shalaev PV, Shlykov D, Melnik OA, Shipunova VO, Deyev SM, Bubyrev AI, Pushin AS, Choob VV, Dolgov SV, Kondrashov FA, Yampolsky IV, Sarkisyan KS (2020). Plants with genetically encoded autoluminescence. Nat Biotechnol 38 (8), 944–946

Gold nanostructures for biomedical applications.

A biosensor-Fourier transducer based on periodic gold nanostructures was created and studied for the first time, which allows achieving ultrahigh sensitivity of the analysis of compounds (10-15 g/ml) in biological matrix. The developed methodology will allow solving the problems of highly sensitive analysis of target compounds in complex matrices, including hormones and other bioregulators acting in very low concentrations (doping control), highly toxic substances (biotoxins), pathogens (for biosafety problems, antibioterrorism protection). For the first time in the world, gold nanorods coated with a tumor-specific addressing module DARPin were obtained, which find tumor cells of a corresponding molecular profile and suppress their growth when irradiated with infrared light in the “Biotissue Transparency Window” (IC50 3.4 nM).


  1. Proshkina G, Deyev S, Ryabova A, Tavanti F, Menziani MC, Cohen R, Katrivas L, Kotlyar A (2019). DARPin_9-29-Targeted Mini Gold Nanorods Specifically Eliminate HER2-Overexpressing Cancer Cells. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 11 (38), 34645–34651
  2. Kabashin AV, Kravets VG, Wu F, Imaizumi S, Shipunova VO, Deyev SM, Grigorenko AN (2019). Phase-Responsive Fourier Nanotransducers for Probing 2D Materials and Functional Interfaces. Adv Funct Mater 29 (26),

Radioactive (90Y) upconversion nanoparticles conjugated with recombinant targeted toxin for synergistic nanotheranostics of cancer

In collaboration with Group of oncanotechnology

We report combined therapy using upconversion nanoparticles (UCNP) coupled to two therapeutic agents: beta-emitting radionuclide yttrium-90 (90Y) fractionally substituting yttrium in UCNP, and a fragment of the exotoxin A derived from Pseudomonas aeruginosa genetically fused with a targeting designed ankyrin repeat protein (DARPin) specific to HER2 receptors. The resultant hybrid complex UCNP-R-T was tested using human breast adenocarcinoma cells SK-BR-3 overexpressing HER2 receptors and immunodeficient mice, bearing HER2-positive xenograft tumors. The photophysical properties of UCNPs enabled background-free imaging of the UCNP-R-T distribution in cells and animals. Specific binding and uptake of UCNP complexes in SK-BR-3 cells was observed,with separate 90Y- and PE40-induced cytotoxic effects characterized by IC50 140 μg/mL (UCNP-R) and 5.2 μg/mL (UCNP-T), respectively. When both therapeutic agents were combined into UCNP-R-T, the synergetic effect increased markedly, ∼2200-fold, resulting in IC50 = 0.0024 μg/mL. The combined therapy with UCNP-R-T was demonstrated in vivo. PNAS USA, 2018. In colaboration with Lobachevsky University.


  1. Shilova ON, Shilov ES, Lieber A, Deyev SM (2018). Disassembling a cancer puzzle: Cell junctions and plasma membrane as targets for anticancer therapy. J Control Release 286, 125–136
  2. Guryev EL, Volodina NO, Shilyagina NY, Gudkov SV, Balalaeva IV, Volovetskiy AB, Lyubeshkin AV, Sen AV, Ermilov SA, Vodeneev VA, Petrov RV, Zvyagin AV, Alferov ZI, Deyev SM (2018). Radioactive (90Y) upconversion nanoparticles conjugated with recombinant targeted toxin for synergistic nanotheranostics of cancer. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115 (39), 9690–9695
  3. Sokolova EA, Vodeneev VA, Deyev SM, Balalaeva IV (2018). 3D in vitro models of tumors expressing EGFR family receptors: a potent tool for studying receptor biology and targeted drug development. Drug Discov Today 24 (1), 99–111
  4. Shipunova VO, Zelepukin IV, Stremovskiy OA, Nikitin MP, Care A, Sunna A, Zvyagin AV, Deyev SM (2018). Versatile Platform for Nanoparticle Surface Bioengineering Based on SiO2-Binding Peptide and Proteinaceous Barnase, Barstar Interface. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 10 (20), 17437–17447

Plasmonic gold nanoparticles for photothermal therapy of cancer

The new agents for tumor theranostics with different mechanisms of action were constructed on the base of hybrid nanoparticles. The 5 nm gold nanoparticles conjugated with designed ankyrin repeat protein (DARPin), which specifically targets human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER 2), are of the utmost interest.  The high stability under physiological conditions and high a ffinity to the receptors overexpressed by cancer cells make conjugates of plasmonic gold nanostructures with DARPin molecules promising candidates for cancer photothermal therapy. This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project no.14-2400106). 


  1. Deyev S, Proshkina G, Ryabova A, Tavanti F, Menziani MC, Eidelshtein G, Avishai G, Kotlyar A (2017). Synthesis, Characterization, and Selective Delivery of DARPin-Gold Nanoparticle Conjugates to Cancer Cells. Bioconjug Chem 28 (10), 2569–2574
  2. Mironova KE, Khochenkov DA, Generalova AN, Rocheva VV, Sholina NV, Nechaev AV, Semchishen VA, Deyev SM, Zvyagin AV, Khaydukov EV (2017). Ultraviolet phototoxicity of upconversion nanoparticles illuminated with near-infrared light. Nanoscale 9 (39), 14921–14928
  3. Semenova G, Stepanova DS, Dubyk C, Handorf E, Deyev SM, Lazar AJ, Chernoff J (2017). Targeting group i p21-activated kinases to control malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor growth and metastasis. Oncogene 36 (38), 5421–5431
  4. Sokolova E, Guryev E, Yudintsev A, Vodeneev V, Deyev S, Balalaeva I (2017). HER2-specific recombinant immunotoxin 4D5scFv-PE40 passes through retrograde trafficking route and forces cells to enter apoptosis. Oncotarget 8 (13), 22048–22058
  5. Liang L, Lu Y, Zhang R, Care A, Ortega TA, Deyev SM, Qian Y, Zvyagin AV (2017). Deep-penetrating photodynamic therapy with KillerRed mediated by upconversion nanoparticles. Acta Biomater 51, 461–470