Chemogenetic generation of hydrogen peroxide in the heart induces severe cardiac dysfunction
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of many disease states. In the heart, reactive oxygen species are linked with cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury, hypertrophy, and heart failure. While this correlation between ROS and cardiac pathology has been observed in multiple models of heart failure, the independent role of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in vitro and in vivo is unclear, owing to a lack of tools for precise manipulation of intracellular redox state. Here we apply a chemogenetic system based on a yeast D-amino acid oxidase to show that chronic generation of H2O2in the heart induces a dilated cardiomyopathy with significant systolic dysfunction. We anticipate that chemogenetic approaches will enable future studies of in vivo H2O2signaling not only in the heart, but also in the many other organ systems where the relationship between redox events and physiology remains unclear.