Laboratory of optical microscopy and spectroscopy of biomolecules

Unfortunately there is no information yet.

NamePositionE-mail
Alexander S. Arseniev, d. sc., professordept. head
Marija V. Astapova, ph. d.s. r. f.
Anna E. Feofanovat. q. - lab. as.
Anastasiya A. Ignatovaj. r. f.
George V. Sharonov, ph. d.r. f.

Selected publications

  1. Dubovskii P.V., Vassilevski A.A., Kozlov S.A., Feofanov A.V., Grishin E.V., Efremov R.G. (2015). Latarcins: versatile spider venom peptides. Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 72 (23), 4501–22 [+]

    Arthropod venoms feature the presence of cytolytic peptides believed to act synergetically with neurotoxins to paralyze prey or deter aggressors. Many of them are linear, i.e., lack disulfide bonds. When isolated from the venom, or obtained by other means, these peptides exhibit common properties. They are cationic; being mostly disordered in aqueous solution, assume amphiphilic α-helical structure in contact with lipid membranes; and exhibit general cytotoxicity, including antifungal, antimicrobial, hemolytic, and anticancer activities. To suit the pharmacological needs, the activity spectrum of these peptides should be modified by rational engineering. As an example, we provide a detailed review on latarcins (Ltc), linear cytolytic peptides from Lachesana tarabaevi spider venom. Diverse experimental and computational techniques were used to investigate the spatial structure of Ltc in membrane-mimicking environments and their effects on model lipid bilayers. The antibacterial activity of Ltc was studied against a panel of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. In addition, the action of Ltc on erythrocytes and cancer cells was investigated in detail with confocal laser scanning microscopy. In the present review, we give a critical account of the progress in the research of Ltc. We explore the relationship between Ltc structure and their biological activity and derive molecular characteristics, which can be used for optimization of other linear peptides. Current applications of Ltc and prospective use of similar membrane-active peptides are outlined.

    ID:1395
  2. Kuzmenkov A.I., Vassilevski A.A., Kudryashova K.S., Nekrasova O.V., Peigneur S., Tytgat J., Feofanov A.V., Kirpichnikov M.P., Grishin E.V. (2015). Variability of Potassium Channel Blockers in Mesobuthus eupeus Scorpion Venom with Focus on Kv1.1: AN INTEGRATED TRANSCRIPTOMIC AND PROTEOMIC STUDY. J. Biol. Chem. 290 (19), 12195–209 [+]

    The lesser Asian scorpion Mesobuthus eupeus (Buthidae) is one of the most widely spread and dispersed species of the Mesobuthus genus, and its venom is actively studied. Nevertheless, a considerable amount of active compounds is still under-investigated due to the high complexity of this venom. Here, we report a comprehensive analysis of putative potassium channel toxins (KTxs) from the cDNA library of M. eupeus venom glands, and we compare the deduced KTx structures with peptides purified from the venom. For the transcriptome analysis, we used conventional tools as well as a search for structural motifs characteristic of scorpion venom components in the form of regular expressions. We found 59 candidate KTxs distributed in 30 subfamilies and presenting the cysteine-stabilized α/β and inhibitor cystine knot types of fold. M. eupeus venom was then separated to individual components by multistage chromatography. A facile fluorescent system based on the expression of the KcsA-Kv1.1 hybrid channels in Escherichia coli and utilization of a labeled scorpion toxin was elaborated and applied to follow Kv1.1 pore binding activity during venom separation. As a result, eight high affinity Kv1.1 channel blockers were identified, including five novel peptides, which extend the panel of potential pharmacologically important Kv1 ligands. Activity of the new peptides against rat Kv1.1 channel was confirmed (IC50 in the range of 1-780 nm) by the two-electrode voltage clamp technique using a standard Xenopus oocyte system. Our integrated approach is of general utility and efficiency to mine natural venoms for KTxs.

    ID:1310
  3. Kudryashova K.S., Chertkov O.V., Nikitin D.V., Pestov N.A., Kulaeva O.I., Efremenko A.V., Solonin A.S., Kirpichnikov M.P., Studitsky V.M., Feofanov A.V. (2015). Preparation of mononucleosomal templates for analysis of transcription with RNA polymerase using spFRET. Methods Mol. Biol. 1288, 395–412 [+]

    Single positioned nucleosomes have been extensively employed as simple model experimental systems for analysis of various intranuclear processes. Here we describe an experimental system containing positioned mononucleosomes allowing transcription by various RNA polymerases. Each DNA template contains a pair of fluorescent labels (Cy3 and Cy5) allowing measuring relative distances between the neighboring coils of nucleosomal DNA using Forster resonance energy transfer (FRET). The single-particle FRET (spFRET) approach for analysis of DNA uncoiling from the histone octamer during transcription through chromatin is described in detail.

    ID:1471
  4. Dubovskii V., Vorontsova V., Utkin N., Arseniev S., Efremov G., Feofanov V. (2014). Cobra cytotoxins: determinants of antibacterial activity. Mendeleev Communications 25 (1), 70–71 [+]

    The investigation of antibacterial activity of three-finger cobra cytotoxins towards Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria showed no activity against the former species, whereas M. luteus was found most susceptible to cytotoxins. A correlation was revealed between this activity and hydrophobicity of the toxins (HTL scores), total charge and its distribution over the toxin molecule: the absence of Glu-16 residue and the presence of positively charged residues (Lys30/His31) in the tip of the loop 2.

    ID:1398
  5. Кузнецов А.С., Дубовский П.В., Воронцова О.В., Феофанов А.В., Ефремов Р.Г. (2014). Взаимодействие линейных катионных пептидов с фосфолипидными мембранами и полимерами сиаловой кислоты. Биохимия 79 (5), 583–594583–594 ID:1123
  6. Kudryashova K.S., Nekrasova O.V., Kuzmenkov A.I., Vassilevski A.A., Ignatova A.A., Korolkova Y.V., Grishin E.V., Kirpichnikov M.P., Feofanov A.V. (2013). Fluorescent system based on bacterial expression of hybrid KcsA channels designed for Kv1.3 ligand screening and study. Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry , [+]

    Human voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.3 is an important pharmacological target for the treatment of autoimmune and metabolic diseases. Increasing clinical demands stipulate an active search for efficient and selective Kv1.3 blockers. Here we present a new, reliable, and easy-to-use analytical system designed to seek for and study Kv1.3 ligands that bind to the extracellular vestibule of the K(+)-conducting pore. It is based on Escherichia coli spheroplasts with the hybrid protein KcsA-Kv1.3 embedded into the membrane, fluorescently labeled Kv1.3 blocker agitoxin-2, and confocal laser scanning microscopy as a detection method. This system is a powerful alternative to radioligand and patch-clamp techniques. It enables one to search for Kv1.3 ligands both among individual compounds and in complex mixtures, as well as to characterize their affinity to Kv1.3 channel using the "mix and read" mode. To demonstrate the potential of the system, we performed characterization of several known Kv1.3 ligands, tested nine spider venoms for the presence of Kv1.3 ligands, and conducted guided purification of a channel blocker from scorpion venom.

    ID:782
  7. Polyansky A.A., Vassilevski A.A., Volynsky P.E., Vorontsova O.V., Samsonova O.V., Egorova N.S., Krylov N.A., Feofanov A.V., Arseniev A.S., Grishin E.V., Efremov R.G. (2009). N-terminal amphipathic helix as a trigger of hemolytic activity in antimicrobial peptides: a case study in latarcins. FEBS Lett. 583 (14), 2425–8 [+]

    In silico structural analyses of sets of alpha-helical antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are performed. Differences between hemolytic and non-hemolytic AMPs are revealed in organization of their N-terminal region. A parameter related to hydrophobicity of the N-terminal part is proposed as a measure of the peptide propensity to exhibit hemolytic and other unwanted cytotoxic activities. Based on the information acquired, a rational approach for selective removal of these properties in AMPs is suggested. A proof of concept is gained through engineering specific mutations that resulted in elimination of the hemolytic activity of AMPs (latarcins) while leaving the beneficial antimicrobial effect intact.

    ID:318
  8. Феофанов А.В. (2007). Спектральная лазерная сканирующая конфокальная микроскопия в биологических исследованиях. Успехи биолог. хим. 47, 371–410 ID:91
  9. Sharonov G.V., Karmakova T.A., Kassies R., Pljutinskaya A.D., Grin M.A., Refregiers M., Yakubovskaya R.I., Mironov A.F., Maurizot J.C., Vigny P., Otto C., Feofanov A.V. (2006). Cycloimide bacteriochlorin p derivatives: photodynamic properties and cellular and tissue distribution. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 40 (3), 407–19 [+]

    Reactive oxygen species generated by photosensitizers are efficacious remedy for tumor eradication. Eleven cycloimide derivatives of bacteriochlorin p (CIBCs) with different N-substituents at the fused imide ring and various substituents replacing the 3-acetyl group were evaluated as photosensitizers with special emphasis on structure-activity relationships. The studied CIBCs absorb light within a tissue transparency window (780-830 nm) and possess high photostability at prolonged light irradiation. The most active derivatives are 300-fold more phototoxic toward HeLa and A549 cells than the clinically used photosensitizer Photogem due to the substituents that improve intracellular accumulation (distribution ratio of 8-13) and provide efficient photoinduced singlet oxygen generation (quantum yields of 0.54-0.57). The substituents predefine selective CIBC targeting to lipid droplets, Golgi apparatus, and lysosomes or provide mixed lipid droplets and Golgi apparatus localization in cancer cells. Lipid droplets and Golgi apparatus are critically sensitive to photoinduced damage. The average lethal dose of CIBC-generated singlet oxygen per volume unit of cell was estimated to be 0.22 mM. Confocal fluorescence analysis of tissue sections of tumor-bearing mice revealed the features of tissue distribution of selected CIBCs and, in particular, their ability to accumulate in tumor nodules and surrounding connective tissues. Considering the short-range action of singlet oxygen, these properties of CIBCs are prerequisite to efficient antitumor photodynamic therapy.

    ID:92
  10. Feofanov A.V., Sharonov G.V., Astapova M.V., Rodionov D.I., Utkin Y.N., Arseniev A.S. (2005). Cancer cell injury by cytotoxins from cobra venom is mediated through lysosomal damage. Biochem. J. 390 (Pt 1), 11–8 [+]

    Cytotoxins from cobra venom are known to manifest cytotoxicity in various cell types. It is widely accepted that the plasma membrane is a target of cytotoxins, but the mechanism of their action remains obscure. Using the confocal spectral imaging technique, we show for the first time that cytotoxins from cobra venom penetrate readily into living cancer cells and accumulate markedly in lysosomes. Cytotoxins CT1 and CT2 from Naja oxiana, CT3 from Naja kaouthia and CT1 from Naja haje are demonstrated to possess this property with respect to human lung adenocarcinoma A549 and promyelocytic leukaemia HL60 cells. Immobilized plasma membrane binding accompanies the internalization of CT3 from Naja kaouthia in the HL60 cells, but it is very weak for other cytotoxins. Detectable membrane binding is not a property of any of the cytotoxins tested in A549 cells. The kinetics and concentration-dependence of cytotoxin accumulation in lysosomes correlate well with their cytotoxic effects. On the basis of the results obtained, we propose that lysosomes are a primary target of the lytic action of cytotoxins. Plasma membrane permeabilization seems to be a downstream event relative to lysosome rupture. Direct damage to the plasma membrane may be a complementary mechanism, but its relative contribution to the cytotoxic action depends on the cytotoxin structure and cell type.

    ID:93
  11. Sharonov G.V., Feofanov A.V., Bocharova O.V., Astapova M.V., Dedukhova V.I., Chernyak B.V., Dolgikh D.A., Arseniev A.S., Skulachev V.P., Kirpichnikov M.P. (2005). Comparative analysis of proapoptotic activity of cytochrome c mutants in living cells. Apoptosis 10 (4), 797–808 [+]

    A non-traumatic electroporation procedure was developed to load exogenous cytochrome c into the cytoplasm and to study the apoptotic effect of cytochrome c, its K72-substitued mutants and "yeast --> horse" hybrid cytochrome c in living WEHI-3 cells. The minimum apoptosis-activating intracellular concentration of horse heart cytochrome c was estimated to be 2.7 +/- 0.5 microM (47 +/- 9 fg/cell). The equieffective concentrations of the K72A-, K72E- and K72L-substituted mutants of cytochrome c were five-, 15- and 70-fold higher. The "yeast --> horse" hybrid created by introducing S2D, K4E, A7K, T8K, and K11V substitutions (horse protein numbering) and deleting five N-terminal residues in yeast cytochrome c did not evoke apoptotic activity in mammalian cells. The apoptotic function of cytochrome c was abolished by the K72W substitution. The K72W-substituted cytochrome c possesses reduced affinity to the apoptotic protease activating factor-1 (Apaf-1) and forms an inactive complex. This mutant is competent as a respiratory-chain electron carrier and well suited for knock-in studies of cytochrome c-mediated apoptosis.

    ID:94
  12. Feofanov A., Sharonov G., Grichine A., Karmakova T., Pljutinskaya A., Lebedeva V., Ruziyev R., Yakubovskaya R., Mironov A., Refregier M., Maurizot J.C., Vigny P. (2004). Comparative study of photodynamic properties of 13,15-N-cycloimide derivatives of chlorin p6. Photochem. Photobiol. 79 (2), 172–88 [+]

    Comparative study of 13,15-[N-(2-hydroxyethyl)]cycloimide chlorin p6 (2), 13,15-(N-acetoxy)cycloimide chlorin p6 (3), 13,15-(N-hydroxy)cycloimide chlorin p6 methyl ester (4) and 13,15-(N-methoxy)cycloimide chlorin p6 methyl ester (5) together with the previously investigated 13,15-[N-(3-hydroxypropyl)]cycloimide chlorin p6 (1) was performed. The dependence of the key photodynamic properties of 1-5 on the introduced substituents was analyzed. The photoinduced cell-killing activity of 4 is 100- and 280-fold higher than that of chlorin p6 and Photogem, respectively, as estimated on A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells. The activity is reduced eight times in the order 4 > 5 > 1 > 2 > 3. The intracellular accumulation of 1-5 occurs in cytoplasm in a monomeric form bound to the lipids of cellular membranes. This form of 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 is characterized by the high quantum yield of singlet oxygen generation, which depends on the introduced substituents, 0.66, 0.59, 0.35, 0.51 and 0.73, respectively. The photostability is two-fold less for 1 and four-fold less for 2, 3 and 5 than for 4. The rates of cellular uptake and efflux of 1-5 vary widely, thus providing the way to optimize the pharmacological properties of the photosensitizer (PS) using the respective substituents. Modifying the substituents, 1-5 were targeted to different cellular organelles. The enhanced accumulation in the Golgi apparatus and mitochondria complemented with diffuse staining of intracellular membranous structures is a property of 1-4. Compound 5 accumulates selectively in the lipid droplets and stains weakly perinuclear structures. Temperature-sensitive mechanisms of transport are responsible for the 1-4 uptake. Diffusion can play a role in the internalization of 5 but not of 1-4. Endocytosis via caveolae, clathrin-dependent and adenosine triphosphate-dependent pathways are not noticeably involved in the 1-5 internalization. Independently from their intracellular localization 1, 4 and 5 are highly efficient near-IR PS, which induce predominantly an apoptotic type of cell death under conditions providing ca 50% level of phototoxicity and necrosis at the 100% level of phototoxicity.

    ID:95

Head of the laboratory

Alexey Feofanov

Development of integrated transcriptomic and proteomic approach to search for blockers of potassium channels in animal venoms (2016-03-26)

Authors: 

Kuzmenkov A.I. , Vassilevski A.A., Grishin Eu.V.

Department of molecular neurobiology

Kudryashova K.S., Nekrasova O.V., Kirpichnikov M.P.  

Bioengineering Department  

Feofanov A.V.  

Laboratory of optical microscopy and spectroscopy of biomolecules

Annotation: 

An original approach was developed to search for new ligands of potassium channels. It combines the bioengineering cellular test system and transcriptomic and proteomic analysis of animal venoms. Using this approach eight high-affinity peptide blockers of voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.1 (including five new peptides) were found in the venom of the scorpion Mesobuthus eupeus. The proposed approach is a versatile and effective tool for directed search for  blockers of potassium channels in natural venoms.

Publications

  1. Kuzmenkov A.I., Vassilevski A.A., Kudryashova K.S., Nekrasova O.V., Peigneur S., Tytgat J., Feofanov A.V., Kirpichnikov M.P., Grishin E.V. (2015). Variability of Potassium Channel Blockers in Mesobuthus eupeus Scorpion Venom with Focus on Kv1.1: AN INTEGRATED TRANSCRIPTOMIC AND PROTEOMIC STUDY. J. Biol. Chem. 290 (19), 12195–209 [+]

    The lesser Asian scorpion Mesobuthus eupeus (Buthidae) is one of the most widely spread and dispersed species of the Mesobuthus genus, and its venom is actively studied. Nevertheless, a considerable amount of active compounds is still under-investigated due to the high complexity of this venom. Here, we report a comprehensive analysis of putative potassium channel toxins (KTxs) from the cDNA library of M. eupeus venom glands, and we compare the deduced KTx structures with peptides purified from the venom. For the transcriptome analysis, we used conventional tools as well as a search for structural motifs characteristic of scorpion venom components in the form of regular expressions. We found 59 candidate KTxs distributed in 30 subfamilies and presenting the cysteine-stabilized α/β and inhibitor cystine knot types of fold. M. eupeus venom was then separated to individual components by multistage chromatography. A facile fluorescent system based on the expression of the KcsA-Kv1.1 hybrid channels in Escherichia coli and utilization of a labeled scorpion toxin was elaborated and applied to follow Kv1.1 pore binding activity during venom separation. As a result, eight high affinity Kv1.1 channel blockers were identified, including five novel peptides, which extend the panel of potential pharmacologically important Kv1 ligands. Activity of the new peptides against rat Kv1.1 channel was confirmed (IC50 in the range of 1-780 nm) by the two-electrode voltage clamp technique using a standard Xenopus oocyte system. Our integrated approach is of general utility and efficiency to mine natural venoms for KTxs.

    ID:1310