- Toxin from black mamba venom inhibits growth of glioma cells selectively expressing ASIC1a channels
Gliomas are fast growing and highly invasive brain tumors, characterized by tumor microenvironment acidification that drives glioma cell growth and migration. Channels containing Acid-sensing Ion Channel 1a subunit (ASIC1a) mediate amiloride-sensitive cation influx in late stage glioma cells, but not in normal astrocytes. Thus, selective targeting of ASIC1a can be a perspective strategy for glioma treatment.
- Start codon context and occurrence of AUG codons in the beginning of protein coding open reading frames co-evolve
Researchers from IBCh RAS together with their international collаborators discovered an evolutionary link between efficiency of start codons and the probability of AUG codon occurrence in the 5'-end parts of protein-coding sequences. When start codons are inefficient the next AUG codon is more likely to be found in the same reading frame. At the same time in case of highly efficient start codons, the next AUG codon is more likely to be found in alternative frames. They also have shown that weak initiation at the first starts is associated with the synthesis of shortened proteoforms as a result of initiation at the second starts.
- New technology promises to revolutionize nanomedicine
A collaboration of scientists from the Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences have developed a breakthrough technology to resolve a key problem that has prevented the introduction of novel drugs into clinical practice for decades. The study was published in Nature Biomedical Engineering and featured in the journal’s News & Views section.
- A kinase bioscavenger provides antibiotic resistance by extremely tight substrate binding
Kinase-mediated phosphorylation represents one of the general strategies for the emergence of antibiotic resistance. A new subfamily of AmiN-like kinases, isolated from the Siberian bear microbiome, inactivates antibiotic amicoumacin by phosphorylation. The nanomolar substrate affinity defines AmiN as a phosphotransferase with a unique catalytic efficiency proximal to the diffusion limit. Crystallographic analysis and multiscale simulations revealed a catalytically perfect mechanism providing phosphorylation exclusively in the case of a closed active site that counteracts substrate promiscuity. AmiN kinase is a member of the previously unknown subfamily representing the first evidence of a specialized phosphotransferase bioscavenger.
- Transgenic aspen plants (Populus tremula) with the expression of recombinant xyloglucanase sp-Xeg show an increased growth rate, altered composition and properties of wood, and the phenotype of the plant as a whole
Scientists from the Group of Forest Biotechnology IBCh RAS obtained the transgenic aspen with acceletated growth, a modified carbohydrate composition and a slower rate of decomposition of wood.
- Structure of Supramers Formed by the Amphiphile Biotin‐CMG‐DOPE
Scientists from the Department of Chemical Biology of Glycans and Lipids, the Department of structural biology and the Department of Biomaterials and Bionanotechnology IBCh RAS in collaboration with Russian and foreign colleges published a paper in ChemistryOpen on the study of conjugate of a biotin with DOPE (dioleoylphosphatidyl ethanolamine) and on its interaction with streptavidin.
- Soluble Variant of Human Lynx1 Positively Modulates Synaptic Plasticity and Ameliorates Cognitive Impairment Associated with α7-nAChR Dysfunction
Scientists from the Laboratory of bioengineering of neuromodulators and neuroreceptors, the Laboratory of structural biology of ion channels and the Laboratory of neuroreceptors and neuroregulators Shemyakin-Ovchnnikov Institute together with colleagues from the Faculty of biology of Moscow State University and other russian scientific institutes, found that the intranasal administration of the water-soluble analogue of the human neuromodulator Lynx1 can prevent cognitive impairment associated with dysfunction of the α7 type nicotinic acetylcholine receptor.
- Pyrophosphate pharmacophore model: How nisin captures lipid II
Researchers from the Group of in silico analysis of membrane proteins structure and the Laboratory of biomolecular modeling of IBCh RAS have predicted the structure of the complex between lantibiotic nisin with the bacterial cell wall precursor — lipid II — on the membrane surface.
- How the fluorescent nanoclusters look like
Our new article “Albumin-stabilized fluorescent metal nanoclusters: fabrication, physico-chemical properties and cytotoxicity” was recently published in Materials and Design journal. The work was performed by a team of authors from the Scientific Clinical Center for Physico-Chemical Medicine, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and IBCh RAS. The researchers of the Electron microscopy group of our institute carried out an important part of the work on direct visualization of the obtained structures, as well as on the measurement of energy dispersive X-ray spectra.
- The role of chloroplast protein remodeling in stress responses and shaping of the plant peptidome
Researchers of the Laboratory of plant functional genomics and proteomics, IBCh RAS, in collaboration with Laboratory of molecular basis of plant stress resistance, IBCh RAS, and James Hutton Institute (United Kingdom) published a review article in the international peer-reviewed scientific journal New Phytologist (IF = 7.29). This review “The role of chloroplast protein remodeling in stress responses and shaping of the plant peptidome” is focused on processes of reorganization of the chloroplast proteome under stress conditions and on the roles of bioactive peptides generated from chloroplast proteins.
- Sustainable Light Achieved in Living Plants
The movie Avatar evoked an imaginary world of lush bioluminescent jungles. Now the popular fascination for sustainably glowing foliage is being realized through advances in designer genetics. This week in Nature Biotechnology, scientists have announced the feasibility of creating plants that produce their own visible luminescence.
- A new direction of synthetic chemistry was developed in the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry RAS
Small molecules play a critical role in many biological processes and are used as drugs and other research tools.
- Why acupuncture increases pain threshold of the rodent?
Scientists from the Laboratory of neuroreceptors and neuroregulators helped colleagues from Chengdu University (China) to conduct a series of in vivo experiments on wild-type and knockout by pain sensing receptors TRPV1 and P2X7 animals. It was shown that a stimulation of ST36 acupuncture point leads to an analgesic effect in the model of inflammation from the introduction of a slightly acidic solution into the paw, similar to the effects of selective TRPV1 and ASIC3 ion channel inhibitors. In the model of inflammation from the administration of α, β-meATP (a P2X1,3 purinergic receptor agonist) the ST36 point stimulation also reduced pain sensitivity, but not so effective as the P2X3 antagonist A-317491 or different ASIC3 channel blockers. The results are published in the British Journal of Pharmacology.
- Deciphering Ribosomes’ Actions in Living Cells
December 30, 2019
Researchers from the Laboratory of Bioinformatics Approaches in Combinatorial Chemistry and Biology IBCH RAS, in collaboration with Irish colleagues, recently published a review in WIRES RNA that compiles the computational approaches, software tools, and data resources that have been developed over the last ten years for ribosome profiling data processing and analysis.
- The new method for T-cell receptor alpha chain clonality assessment can be used for minimal disease monitoring in leukemia
December 27, 2019
Monitoring of minimum residual disease (MRD) is one of the most important diagnostic tests in the treatment of acute and chronic lymphoblastic leukemia. Currently, several methods for MRD are used, the most sensitive of which is the assessment and monitoring of clonal rearrangements in the immunoglobulin genes characteristic of tumor cells. High sensitivity, up to 1 tumor cell per million, is achieved by using next generation highthroughput sequencing technology (Illumina).
- PRMT5 methylome profiling uncovers a direct link to splicing regulation in acute myeloid leukemia
October 29, 2019
Protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5) belongs to the class II arginine methyltransferases and catalyzes monomethylation and symmetrical dimethylation of arginines on proteins. It has recently emerged as a promising cancer drug target, and two PRMT5 inhibitors are currently in clinical trials for a range malignancies. Despite the recognized therapeutic potential, it is unclear which PRMT5 functions underlie its oncogenic activity.
- A previously unknown modulator of purinergic and FGF-signalization, c-Answer, that stimulates regeneration in cold-blooded animals was lost by poorly regenerating warm-blooded animals, including humans
October 18, 2019
A group of scientists from the Laboratory of Molecular Bases of Embryogenesis, IBCh RAS, together with colleagues from the Laboratory of Mathematical Methods and Models in Bioinformatics, IPPI RAS developed a bioinformatics method that allows one to reveal genes that appear or disappear at a certain stage of evolution. Using this method, a number of genes were found that disappeared in warm-blooded animals, including humans.
- Peptides encoded by short open reading frames regulate plant growth and development
September 5, 2019
All genomes contain millions of short open reading frames (<100 codons) that are discarded during genome annotation. Recently, it has been shown that peptides encoded by short open reading frames can perform many important functions in animal cells.
- The secret of fireworm is out: molecular basis of Odontosyllis bioluminescence
August 29, 2019
Researchers discovered the biomolecular mechanism of fireworm glow.
- Seminar by Prof. Ilya Vinnikov «The top-down strategy in deciphering the roles of microRNAs in the metabolic and neurodegenerative models»
August 17, 2019
Prof. Ilya Vinnikov from the Shanghai Jiao Tong University will deliver a lecture entitled «The top-down strategy in deciphering the roles of microRNAs in the metabolic and neurodegenerative models». Date and time: Tue 20 August 2019 14:00. Location: Conference hall at 5th floor BON IBCh.