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- Peptides encoded by short open reading frames regulate plant growth and development
All genomes contain millions of short open reading frames (<100 codons) that are discarded during genome annotation. Recently, it has been shown that peptides encoded by short open reading frames can perform many important functions in animal cells.
- The secret of fireworm is out: molecular basis of Odontosyllis bioluminescence
Researchers discovered the biomolecular mechanism of fireworm glow.
- Seminar by Prof. Ilya Vinnikov «The top-down strategy in deciphering the roles of microRNAs in the metabolic and neurodegenerative models»
Prof. Ilya Vinnikov from the Shanghai Jiao Tong University will deliver a lecture entitled «The top-down strategy in deciphering the roles of microRNAs in the metabolic and neurodegenerative models». Date and time: Tue 20 August 2019 14:00. Location: Conference hall at 5th floor BON IBCh.
- Unique CDR3 epitope targeting by CAR-T cells is a viable approach for treating T cell
Efficient and specific removal of malignant cells is the ultimate goal of cancer therapy. The current rapid development of chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T cell or CART) therapy potentially provides high efficiency and allows long-term surveillance, which have greatly extended the frontier of leukemia treatment.
- Nobel Prize winner, Arieh Warshel took part in the meeting of the IBCh RAS scientific council and joined the international advisory Board of the Institute
April 3rd 2019, a regular meeting of the IBCh RAS Scientific Council took place, featuring the 2013 Chemistry Nobel Prize awardee, Arieh Warshel. The scientist delivered a short talk, regarding the prospects of contemporary science and possibilities of using the quantum mechanics calculations to predict the behavior of complex systems, up to the organs and organisms. Director of our Institute, Alexander Gabibov, announced that professor Warshel had joined the International Advisory Board of the Institute, along with several other distinguished scientists, and presented him a symbolical gift.
- Scientists present a fully genetically encodable bioluminescent system
November 26, 2018
Scientists from Russia, UK, Spain, Brazil, Japan, and Austria discovered the essential set of enzymes that allows glowing fungi to emit light. The bioluminescent system includes a brand- new luciferase and three enzymes that enable biosynthesis of fungal luciferin from a widespread metabolite – caffeic acid – as well as its recycling. The genes encoding this “caffeic acid cycle” make up a unique molecular toolkit that allows to turn any higher organism into a glowing one. The work was published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.
- Kurt Wüthrich took part in the workshop of the Structural biology department
October 10, 2018
Professor Kurt Wüthrich, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, 2002, visited Shemyakin–Ovchinnikov Institute of bioorganic chemistry RAS and took part in the workshop of the Structural biology department of the Institute (headed by Prof. Alexander Arseniev).
- Ras-dva: make regeneration great again
September 17, 2018
The researchers from Laboratory of molecular bases of embryogenesis recently hypothesised that the decrease of limb regeneration capacity in amniotes (reptiles, birds and mammals) could be caused by elimination in evolution of genes, encoding for important regulators of specific wound epithelium and blastema organization, which are used by excellent regenerating anamniotes (fish and amphibia). Using two anamniotic model organisms Danio rerio adult fishes and Xenopus laevis tadpoles the authors have shown the essential role of Ras-dva small GTPases in regulation of these processes, meanwhile their genes are eliminated in a stepwise manner during evolution till total absence in placental mammals. The obtained results support the hypothesis. The investigation is published in Scientific reports.
- A bright bantam: BrUSLEE – green fluorescent protein with the unique properties
September 7, 2018
Researchers from the Biophotonics lab of IBCH RAS (Anastasia Mamontova, Konstantin Lukyanov and Alexey Bogdanov) designed a new green fluorescent protein that combines high fluorescence brightness and short fluorescence lifetime. They used a semi-rational protein evolution approach. Their collaborators from Bach Institute of Biochemistry and Semenov Institute of Physical Chemistry helped with the time-resolved fluorescence analysis (FLIM) that allowed characterizing the physical properties of this perspective probe. Research has recently been published in the Scientific Reports.
- Antibiotic from the bear's mouth
September 5, 2018
Scientists from the Laboratory of biocatalysis developed a new microfluidics-based ultrahigh-throughput technology for the “deep functional profiling” of microbial communities and used it to search for bacteria producing new antibiotics in the microbiome of the Siberian bear's oral cavity. This methodology allowed them not only to find the antibiotic amicoumacin, elucidating the mechanisms of its biosynthesis and self-resistance, but also to investigate the spectrum of its activity at the level of various bacterial communities. The results published in PNAS will find numerous applications in the field of antibiotic discovery and will help to solve the problem of antibiotic resistance.